<html xmlns:v="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml" xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" xmlns:w="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" xmlns:m="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/2004/12/omml" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
<meta name="Generator" content="Microsoft Word 15 (filtered medium)">
<style><!--
/* Font Definitions */
@font-face
        {font-family:"Cambria Math";
        panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4;}
@font-face
        {font-family:Calibri;
        panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4;}
@font-face
        {font-family:"Bahnschrift Light";
        panose-1:2 11 5 2 4 2 4 2 2 3;}
/* Style Definitions */
p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal
        {margin:0cm;
        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
        font-size:11.0pt;
        font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
        mso-fareast-language:EN-US;}
a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
        {mso-style-priority:99;
        color:#0563C1;
        text-decoration:underline;}
a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
        {mso-style-priority:99;
        color:#954F72;
        text-decoration:underline;}
span.E-MailFormatvorlage17
        {mso-style-type:personal-compose;
        font-family:"Bahnschrift Light",sans-serif;
        color:black;}
.MsoChpDefault
        {mso-style-type:export-only;
        font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
        mso-fareast-language:EN-US;}
@page WordSection1
        {size:612.0pt 792.0pt;
        margin:70.85pt 70.85pt 2.0cm 70.85pt;}
div.WordSection1
        {page:WordSection1;}
--></style><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
<o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1026" />
</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
<o:shapelayout v:ext="edit">
<o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1" />
</o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]-->
</head>
<body lang="EN-GB" link="#0563C1" vlink="#954F72">
<div class="WordSection1">
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Dear colleagues,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">My Co-Authors and I are delighted to announce the publication of our recent article on distribution patterns of floating marine debris in German
 waters. The presence of marine litter in the marine environment is a potential hazard for marine mammals since they ingest marine litter items or get entangled. Thus, the knowledge on the distribution, especially in areas designed for nature conservation,
 is of particular importance for assessing the risk for marine mammals.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Citation:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:#333333;background:#FCFCFC;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Unger, B., Herr, H., Viquerat, S., Gilles, A., Burkhardt-Holm, P., Siebert, U. Opportunistically collected data
 from aerial surveys reveal spatio-temporal distribution patterns of marine debris in German waters.
</span><i><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:#333333;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Environ Sci Pollut Res</span></i><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:#333333;background:#FCFCFC;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">
 (2020). <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-10610-9"><span style="color:#0563C1">https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-10610-9</span></a>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Link to full paper:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-020-10610-9"><span style="color:#0563C1">https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-020-10610-9</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Abstract:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Marine debris is known for its ubiquitousness and harmful effects on marine life. This study is the first analysis to provide information<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">on the distribution of floating marine debris in German waters using aerial survey data collected between 2002 and 2016. During<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">regular harbour porpoise monitoring flights, 191,167 km were covered and 26,512 floating debris items recorded (average encounter<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">rate 0.1387 items/km). Debris was encountered more often in the North Sea than in the Baltic Sea (0.16 items/km; 0.08 items/km). The<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">average encounter rate was higher in offshore waters than in coastal areas. Overlaps of marine debris distribution with ‘Special Areas of<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Conservation’ are a particular reason for concern. Moreover, the spring months (March–May) were identified to be the time of the year<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">with the highest average encounter rates for marine debris. Fishing-related debris was shown to contribute up to 25% of the total<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">number of all observed items. This study shows that opportunistically collected data on marine debris from aerial surveys are valuable<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">for identifying distribution patterns of floating debris without additional survey effort and costs. These data can be used as baseline<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">information to inform management schemes such as the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Enjoy reading!<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Best,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="DE" style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB">Bianca Unger</span><span lang="DE">
</span><span lang="DE" style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"> </span><span lang="DE" style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:black">_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:#767171"><o:p> </o:p></span></b></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:#767171">Dr. Bianca Unger<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray">Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research (ITAW)
<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray">University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation
<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="DE" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray">Werftstr. 6 / 25761 Büsum
<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="DE" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray">Germany<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="DE" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray"><a href="mailto:Bianca.Unger@tiho-hannover.de"><span lang="DE" style="color:gray">Bianca.Unger@tiho-hannover.de</span></a></span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray">
</span><span lang="DE" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="DE" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="DE" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><a href="https://www.tiho-hannover.de/index.php?id=5388&L=1"><span style="color:gray">https://www.tiho-hannover.de/index.php?id=5388&L=1</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="DE" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><a href="https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bianca_Unger"><span style="color:gray">https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bianca_Unger</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="DE" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:black;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:black">_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:gray"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:black;mso-fareast-language:EN-GB"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="DE" style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Bahnschrift Light",sans-serif;color:black"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
</div>
</body>
</html>