[MARMAM] New paper on vessel noise exposures of harbour seals from the Wadden Sea

Dominik Nachtsheim d.nachtsheim at outlook.de
Mon Apr 17 04:37:49 PDT 2023


Dear MARMAM readers,



my co-authors and I are excited to announce the publication of the following article in Scientific Reports:



Nachtsheim DA, Johnson M, Schaffeld T, van Neer A, Madsen PT, Findlay CR, Rojano-Doñate L, Teilmann J, Mikkelsen L, Baltzer J, Ruser A, Siebert U, Schnitzler JG (2023) Vessel noise exposures of harbour seals from the Wadden Sea. Scientific Reports 13: 6187. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-33283-z


 Abstract

The North Sea faces intense ship traffic owing to increasing human activities at sea. As harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) are abundant top predators in the North Sea, it is hypothesised that they experience repeated, high-amplitude vessel exposures. Here, we test this hypothesis by quantifying vessel noise exposures from deployments of long-term sound and movement tags (DTAGs) on nine harbour seals from the Wadden Sea. An automated tool was developed to detect intervals of elevated noise in the sound recordings. An assessment by multiple raters was performed to classify the source as either vessels or other sounds. A total of 133 vessel passes were identified with received levels >97 dB re 1µPa RMS in the 2 kHz decidecade band and with ambient noise >6 dB below this detection threshold. Tagged seals spent most of their time within Marine Protected Areas (89 ± 13%, mean ± SD) and were exposed to high-amplitude vessel passes 4.3 ± 1.6 times per day. Only 32% of vessel passes were plausibly associated with an AIS-registered vessel. We conclude that seals in industrialized waters are exposed repeatedly to vessel noise, even in areas designated as protected, and that exposures are poorly predicted by AIS data.



The open access article can be accessed under this link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-33283-z .



Do not hesitate do contact me (Dominik.Nachtsheim at tiho-hannover.de) in case of further questions!



All the best

Dominik


-----------------------------------------
Dr. Dominik A. Nachtsheim
University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation
Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research (ITAW)
Werftstr. 6
25761 Büsum
Germany

Dominik.Nachtsheim at tiho-hannover.de
Tel:  +49 511 856-8159
Fax: +49 511 856-8181

ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dominik_Nachtsheim

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