[MARMAM] New paper: Cetaceans, Indian Ocean, Acoustics

Kate Sprogis kate.sprogis at uwa.edu.au
Mon Sep 26 01:56:29 PDT 2022


Dear Colleagues,
The scientific article 'Occurrence of cetaceans and seabirds along the Indian Ocean 110°E meridian from temperate to tropical waters' is published in the journal Deep Sea Research (Part II, Topical Studies in Oceanography), Special issue- Revisiting 110°E. You can request on Research Gate or download the pdf from this link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2022.105184

Authors: Kate R. Sprogis, Alicia Sutton, Micheline Jenner, Rob McCauley, Curt Jenner.

Abstract: The first extensive physical and biological observations of the Indian Ocean were made from 1959 to 1965, during a ship-based International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE-1). Decades later in 2019, the 110°E meridian was revisited during the second International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE-2). The aim of this study, as part of a large number of related studies, was to examine the occurrence of cetaceans and seabirds along the 110°E meridian from temperate to tropical waters (39.5 to 11.5°S). Cetaceans and seabirds were actively scanned for across a four-week period spanning austral autumn to winter. Acoustic recordings of vocalising cetaceans were made using directional and omnidirectional sonobuoys (n = 87 deployments). In total, seven cetacean sightings (six baleen whale, one toothed whale), 186 seabird sightings and 242 cetacean acoustic detections were recorded. The baleen whale species detected acoustically were assigned to Antarctic blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus intermedia; Z-calls), pygmy blue whales (B. m. brevicauda; south east Indian Ocean 3-component calls, D-calls), fin whales (B. physalus; 20 Hz-pulses), southern right whales (Eubalaena australis; upcalls), Antarctic minke whales (B. bonaerensis; bio-duck calls) and an unknown signal; a "spot call". The toothed whale species detected acoustically were Kogia sperm whales (Kogia sp.) and delphinid whilstes. Pygmy blue whales were detected across Subantarctic to Tropical Surface Waters, and were the most commonly detected cetacean. There was some delineation in other cetaceans: the spot call was detected in Subantarctic and Subtropical Surface Water (south of 23°S); fin whales in Subtropical Surface Water (between 23° and 30.5°S); and Antarctic minke whales in Tropical Surface Water (between 14° and 23°S). Data were not collected on cetaceans during IIOE-1, so data here represent baseline occurrence along 110°E for future studies. A total of 22 seabird species were sighted, including, petrels, storm petrels, albatrosses, tropicbirds, terns, shearwaters, boobies, frigatebirds, gannets, gulls, skuas and prions. Soft-plumaged petrels (Pterodroma mollis) were observed across all water masses and were the most commonly sighted seabird. There was some delineation of seabird species; albatrosses were sighted south of the Subtropical Front (south of 32°S); flesh-footed shearwaters (Ardenna carneipes) in Subantarctic and Subtropical Surface Waters (south of 27°S); and tropicbirds in Tropical Surface Water (north of 20°S). The occurrence of highly mobile species is particularly important to investigate as the waters in the eastern Indian Ocean have been warming faster than in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.

Reference: Sprogis, K.R., Sutton, A.L., Jenner, M.-N., McCauley, R.D., Jenner, K.C.S., 2022. Occurrence of cetaceans and seabirds along the Indian Ocean 110°E meridian from temperate to tropical waters. Deep Sea Research (Part II, Topical Studies in Oceanography). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2022.105184

Please feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Kind regards,

Kate, Alicia, Micheline, Rob and Curt.
Kate Sprogis, PhD
Research Fellow
Great Southern Marine Research Facility
Albany campus WA 6330 Australia
kate.sprogis at uwa.edu.au
[UWA on Twitter]<https://twitter.com/KateSprogis>[UWA on Instagram]<https://www.instagram.com/katesprogis/>[UWA on Linked In]<linkedin.com/in/kate-sprogis-23abb58b>[cid:image005.png at 01D8D1C8.E9C3D760]<http://www.katesprogis.wordpress.com/>
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We acknowledge the Traditional Custodians of Noongar Country and pay our respects to the custodians of the land and sea on which we live and work.

Recent publications:

  *   Arranz, P., N. A. de Soto, P. T. Madsen, and K. R. Sprogis. 2021a. Whale-watch vessel noise levels with applications to whale-watching guidelines and conservation. Marine Policy 134:104776. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104776
  *   Arranz, P., M. Glarou, and K. R. Sprogis. 2021b. Decreased resting and nursing in short-finned pilot whales when exposed to louder petrol engine noise of a hybrid whale-watch vessel. Scientific Reports 11:21195. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-00487-0

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