[MARMAM] New Publication: Decompressive pathology in cetaceans based on an experimental pathological model

Alicia Sofía Velázquez Wallraf alicia.velazquez101 at alu.ulpgc.es
Wed Jun 9 10:56:54 PDT 2021


Dear Colleagues,

We are pleased to announce the publication of our new article in the journal Frontiers in Veterinary Science, being part of the research topic: Pathologic Findings in Stranded Marine Mammals: A Global Perspective.

"Decompressive pathology in cetaceans based on an experimental pathological model". Velázquez-Wallraf, A.; Fernández, A.; Caballero, M.J.; Møllerløkken, A.; Jepson, P.D.; Andrada, M., and Bernaldo de Quirós, B.

ABSTRACT
Decompression sickness (DCS) is a widely known clinical syndrome in human medicine, mainly in divers, related to the formation of intravascular and extravascular gas bubbles. Gas embolism and decompression-like sickness have also been described in wild animals, such as cetaceans. It was hypothesized that adaptations to the marine environment protected them from DCS, but in 2003, decompression-like sickness was described for the first time in beaked whales, challenging this dogma. Since then, several episodes of mass strandings of beaked whales coincidental in time and space with naval maneuvers have been recorded and diagnosed with DCS. The diagnosis of human DCS is based on the presence of clinical symptoms and the detection of gas embolism by ultrasound, but in cetaceans, the diagnosis is limited to forensic investigations. For this reason, it is necessary to resort to experimental animal models to support the pathological diagnosis of DCS in cetaceans. The objective of this study is to validate the pathological results of cetaceans through an experimental rabbit model wherein a complete and detailed histopathological analysis was performed. Gross and histopathological results were very similar in the experimental animal model compared to stranded cetaceans with DCS, with the presence of gas embolism systemically distributed as well as emphysema and hemorrhages as primary lesions in different organs. The experimental data reinforces the pathological findings found in cetaceans with DCS as well as the hypothesis that individuality plays an essential role in DCS, as it has previously been proposed in animal models and human diving medicine.


The link to the full article is:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2021.676499/full?&utm_source=Email_to_authors_&utm_medium=Email&utm_content=T1_11.5e1_author&utm_campaign=Email_publication&field=&journalName=Frontiers_in_Veterinary_Science&id=676499
[https://www.frontiersin.org/files/MyHome%20Article%20Library/676499/676499_Thumb_400.jpg]<https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2021.676499/full?&utm_source=Email_to_authors_&utm_medium=Email&utm_content=T1_11.5e1_author&utm_campaign=Email_publication&field=&journalName=Frontiers_in_Veterinary_Science&id=676499>
Decompressive Pathology in Cetaceans Based on an Experimental Pathological Model<https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2021.676499/full?&utm_source=Email_to_authors_&utm_medium=Email&utm_content=T1_11.5e1_author&utm_campaign=Email_publication&field=&journalName=Frontiers_in_Veterinary_Science&id=676499>
www.frontiersin.org

Kind regards,
Alicia Velázquez-Wallraf.


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