[MARMAM] New Publication

Wayne Mcfee - NOAA Federal wayne.mcfee at noaa.gov
Tue Nov 10 10:16:59 PST 2020


On behalf of my co-authors and I, I would like to announce the publication
in the journal of Diseases of Aquatic Organisms the following article:
Occurrence of *Brucella ceti* in stranded bottlenose dolphins *Tursiops
truncatus* coincides with calving season.

Abstract: Brucellosis is a disease caused by the Gram-negative facultative
intracellular bacterium Brucella spp. In terrestrial species, this zoonotic
bacterium is a global public health risk, but there is also concern over
the zoonotic potential of marine forms, such as B. ceti, which affects
cetaceans.
Due to the detection of B. ceti in samples from bottlenose dolphins
Tursiops truncatus during the 2010−2014 Gulf of Mexico Unusual Mortality
Event, a long-term study of the prevalence of Brucella in stranded
bottlenose dolphins from South Carolina, USA, was conducted. From 2012
through 2017, 282 stranded bottlenose dolphins were tested for B. ceti via
real-time PCR. Nearly 32% of the dolphins tested positive in at least one
sample (brain, lung, blowhole swab). Very little information exists in the
literature on the occurrence of Brucella spp. in marine mammals, though in
terrestrial species, such as cattle and elk, higher prevalence is often
reported in spring. Similar results were found in this study with the peak
occurrence being between March and June, a known period of calving in South
Carolina. Results from this study provide important insights into the
occurrence of the marine bacterium B. ceti.

Citation: McFee, WE, Wu, D, Colegrove, K, Terio, K, Balthis, L and R Young.
2020. Occurrence of *Brucella ceti* in stranded bottlenose dolphins *Tursiops
truncatus* coincides with calving season. *Diseases of Aquatic Organisms *141:
185-193.

The link to the abstract can be found at
https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v141/p185-193/ and a pdf can be
requested to wayne.mcfee at noaa.gov

Thank you.

Wayne McFee
-- 
Wayne McFee
PI -Coastal Marine Mammal Assessments
Key Species and Bioinformatics Branch
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
NOAA National Ocean Service
219 Ft. Johnson Rd.
Charleston, SC 29412
(843) 460-9695
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