[MARMAM] New Publication

Matteo M. mingomatte94 at virgilio.it
Sat Jan 25 09:12:08 PST 2020

Dear Marmam members 

On behalf of my co-authors I am pleased to share our recent publication in Remote Sensing:  "X-Band Radar for Cetacean Detection (Focus on Tursiops truncatus) and Preliminary Analysis of Their Behavior"
We tested the capability of an X-band radar (ground based) to track and detect cetaceans in the area in front of Corniglia (SP - Italy - Cinque Terre MPA).

The full reference and abstract are found below: 
Mingozzi, M., Salvioli, F., Serafino, F.  "X-Band Radar for Cetacean Detection (Focus on Tursiops truncatus) and Preliminary Analysis of Their Behavior" . Remote Sensing,  12, 3, (2020).

Abstract: Cetaceans are protected species all over the world, most of them are vulnerable, endangered, or data deficient (according to International Union for Conservation of Nature - IUCN red list). X-band radars detect the echo of the electromagnetic signal reflected by an obstacle or a ship (target). The application of X-band radar to the detection of cetaceans is a new and innovative field of research that could improve the automation of marine mammal data collection, and this is the first time in the Mediterranean Sea. The aim of this work was to test the capability of X-band radar installed along the coast (ground-based) to detect and track cetaceans in a range of approximately 2.5 nautical miles from the radar antenna. Data collection included a part of field work, implemented through the acquisition of photographic images and target’s radar detection (by the panoramic terrace Santa Maria in Corniglia), and a part, performed in the laboratory, of data analysis. The work was undertaken between May and November 2018. During this period, 30 days of monitoring were carried out (about 300 h) and about 10,000 radar images were recorded. The first results showed that we were able to recognize the target “cetacean” from the other common targets (boats, buoys, etc.) detected by the radar. In particular 70 dolphins were sighted by visual census; 12 of them were recognized on radar images. Radar images allowed extraction of dolphin dive time (between 2 and 15 s). The next step will be to allow the radar to identify the presence of marine mammals itself since it also works at night and with low visibility. This technique could complement the protection measures of cetaceans, highlighting their presence at sea even if it is impossible with waves higher than 0.8 m and over distances greater than 2.5 km. 

This paper is accessible online at: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/12/3/388/pdf

If you do not have access to remote sensing, please do not hesitate to contact me for a copy at : mingomatte94 at virgilio.it 


Matteo M.
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