[MARMAM] New publications

Mariano Domingo Álvarez Mariano.Domingo at uab.cat
Fri Dec 18 01:21:45 PST 2020

My co-authors and I are very pleased to share with you two recently published papers in Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. The first paper presents the causes of death of cetaceans in the Catalan Coast 2012-2019. The second one analyses the risk factors for ingestion of debris and another abnormal material in the necropsied cetaceans.

Please feel free to contact me for any questions.
On behalf of all authors,

Mariano Domingo

Causes of cetacean stranding and death on the Catalonian coast (western Mediterranean Sea), 2012-2019
María Cuvertoret-Sanz, Carlos López-Figueroa, Alicia O’Byrne, Albert Canturri, Bernat Martí-Garcia, Ester Pintado, Lola Pérez, Llilianne Ganges, Alex Cobos, María Lourdes Abarca, Juan Antonio Raga, Marie-François Van Bressem, Mariano Domingo
*Corresponding author: mariano.domingo at uab.cat<mailto:mariano.domingo at uab.cat>
DAO 142:239-253 (2020) DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03550<https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v142/p239-253/>

ABSTRACT: The causes of cetacean stranding and death along the Catalan coast between 2012 and 2019 were systematically investigated. Necropsies and detailed pathological investigations were performed on 89 well-preserved stranded cetaceans, including 72 striped dolphins Stenella coeruleoalba, 9 Risso’s dolphins Grampus griseus, 5 bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus, 1 common dolphin Delphinus delphis, 1 Cuvier’s beaked whale Ziphius cavirostris and 1 fin whale Balaenoptera physalus. The cause of death was determined for 89.9% of the stranded cetaceans. Fisheries interaction was the most frequent cause of death in striped dolphins (27.8%) and bottlenose dolphins (60%). Cetacean morbillivirus (CeMV) was detected on the Catalan coast from 2016 to 2017, causing systemic disease and death in 8 of the 72 (11.1%) striped dolphins. Chronic CeMV infection of the central nervous system was observed from 2018-2019 in a further 5 striped dolphins. Thus, acute and chronic CeMV disease caused mortality in 18% of striped dolphins and 14.6% of all 89 cetaceans. Brucella ceti was isolated in 6 striped dolphins and 1 bottlenose dolphin with typical brucellosis lesions and in 1 striped dolphin with systemic CeMV. Sinusitis due to severe infestation by the nematode parasite Crassicauda grampicola caused the death of 4 out of 6 adult Risso’s dolphins. Maternal separation, in some cases complicated with septicemia, was a frequent cause of death in 13 of 14 calves. Other less common causes of death were encephalomalacia of unknown origin, septicemia, peritonitis due to gastric perforation by parasites and hepatitis caused by Sarcocystis spp.

Ingestion of foreign materials by odontocetes along the Catalan coast: causes and consequences
A. Lacombe, E. Pintado, A. O’Byrne, A. Allepuz, L. Pérez-Rodriguez, M. Domingo
*Corresponding author: mariano.domingo at uab.cat<mailto:mariano.domingo at uab.cat>
DAO 142:23-31 (2020)  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03527<https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v142/p23-31/>

ABSTRACT: Ingestion of abnormal materials by cetaceans has been reported worldwide, but few studies have investigated the causes of foreign material ingestion. We retrospectively analysed necropsies performed between 2012 and 2019 on 88 cetaceans stranded along the coast of Catalonia, Spain, and evaluated the association of abnormal ingested materials with 2 risk factors, namely disease of the central nervous system (CNS) and maternal separation. Abnormal materials were found in the digestive tract in 19 of 88 (21.6%) cetaceans; of these, 13 (60%) had lesions in the CNS, such as morbilliviral encephalitis, neurobrucellosis or encephalomalacia, and 3 were diagnosed as having experienced maternal separation. In a logistic regression model, CNS lesions and maternal separation were identified as risk factors for ingestion of foreign material, but with wide confidence intervals, probably due to the small sample size. In contrast, abnormal ingestion was not identified in any of the 25 (28%) cetaceans whose cause of death was attributed to interaction with humans. Abnormal ingestion should be interpreted with caution, and efforts should be made at necropsy to exclude CNS diseases through pathologic and microbiologic investigations. If disease of the CNS is a significant risk factor for ingestion of marine debris by small odontocetes, results of monitoring programmes may be biased by the prevalence of CNS disease in a specific area or population.

Mariano Domingo

Profesor del Departamento de Sanidad Animal de la UAB
Investigador del Subp. Enfermedades Exóticas del CReSA

Edifici CReSA, s/n, Campus de la Universitat Autònoma
08193  Bellaterra (Barcelona)
Tel.: +34 93 581 4567
mariano.domingo at uab.cat

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