[MARMAM] New Publication on Sperm whale year-round presence & ambient sound levels in the Greek Seas

Niki Diogou nikitsoto01 at hotmail.com
Mon May 13 07:42:22 PDT 2019


Dear all,

My colleagues and I are glad to share with the MARMAM Community our paper on sperm whale acoustic presence in the Greek Seas, published in Mediterranean Marine Science.



DIOGOU, N., KLINCK, H., FRANTZIS, A., NYSTUEN, J., PAPATHANASSIOU, E., & KATSANEVAKIS, S. (2019).
Year-round acoustic presence of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) and baseline ambient ocean sound levels in the Greek Seas.
Mediterranean Marine Science, 20(1), 208-221. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.12681/mms.18769



*Corresponding author: niki.diogou at gmail.com<http://gmail.com>


Abstract

The sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) is the largest odontocete occurring in the Greek Seas. However, monitoring the species’ spatiotemporal distribution patterns is especially difficult during the winter months when unfavorable weather conditions often hinder survey efforts. In the Greek Seas, visual cetacean surveys are typically not conducted between November and March. In a first attempt to collect year-round baseline information on sperm whale occurrence patterns in Greek waters, two Passive Aquatic Listeners (PALs) were deployed for 19 months, at Pylos Station (36.8 N, 21.6ο E) in the Hellenic Trench, and at Athos Station (40.0 N, 24.7ο E) in the North Aegean Trough. Results revealed the year-round presence of sperm whales at Pylos Station with a higher number of detections observed during late spring and throughout the summer. No sperm whale vocalizations were detected at Athos Station. An ambient sound level analysis revealed higher winter and lower summer levels at both sites largely driven by local weather conditions. Results showed that marine life in the Hellenic Trench area was exposed to higher low frequency (< 1 kHz) sound levels (by up to 10 dB re 1 μPa2/Hz). Ambient noise below 1 kHz is frequently dominated by anthropogenic sources including shipping. Ship strikes and noise disturbance constitute major threats for the small, genetically isolated, endangered sperm whale population. The results of this study are useful for sperm whale conservation efforts in the region and may help policymakers in prioritizing mitigation measures, including the establishment of speed limits and rerouting of ship traffic.

The manuscript is available for download at:

ttps://ejournals.epublishing.ekt.gr/index.php/hcmr-med-mar-sc/article/view/18769<http://ejournals.epublishing.ekt.gr/index.php/hcmr-med-mar-sc/article/view/18769>



Please do not hesitate to contact me (niki.diogou<https://lists.uvic.ca/mailman/listinfo/marmam> at gmail.com<http://gmail.com>) with any questions.



Best regards,

Niki



Niki Diogou

PhD candidate , Acoustic Ecology

Oregon State University Research Collective for Applied Acoustics (ORCAA)
Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Department of Oceanography
University of the Aegean, Department of Marine Sciences
+30 6944 050 050


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