[MARMAM] Call for applications - consultancy on shipping and cetaceans

Gianna Minton gianna.minton at gmail.com
Wed Mar 20 06:12:25 PDT 2019

WWF Canada is issuing a call for applications for a consultant to review
the impacts of shipping on cetaceans, with a focus on the risk of ship
strikes and shipping-related underwater noise.

The Terms of Reference are pasted here below: Please send your application
to Aurelie Cosandey-Godin (acosandeygodin at wwfcanada.org) by or before April
5th, 2019. A candidate will be selected by April 12th, 2019.

*Review of monitoring tools and methods used to reduce ship strike and
underwater noise impacts on cetaceans*

*Terms of Reference*

*Time frame of contract: *April 2019- July 2019

*Reports to*: WWF-Canada and WWF Cetacean Initiative (work will also be
reviewed by external partners)

*Global Context and background*

Maritime transport plays a major role in roughly 90% of all world trade,
including 60% of movement of the world’s hydrocarbon products. The volume
of shipping traffic worldwide increased 300% between 1992 and 2013, a trend
that has continued in more recent years.  Furthermore, the speed and size
of the largest vessels have increased, and marine vessel-based travel has
also escalated, with high-speed passenger ferries increasingly used in
coastal and other areas. Some of the world’s busiest shipping lanes overlap
directly with important whale habitat, resulting in a high risk – or actual
incidence – of injury and mortality to whales that are often unable to
effectively avoid vessels’ paths due to high speeds or an inability to
adequately take evasive action.

Furthermore, collectively the global merchant fleet is the biggest
contributor to the doubling in background noise levels underwater in every
decade over the last fifty years.  Underwater noise created by shipping has
the potential to disrupt echolocation used by cetaceans in normal
navigation and feeding activities, mask important communication between
individuals in cetacean groups, cause short- or long-term displacement from
areas, and, in extreme cases cause physical damage and/or (temporary)
hearing impairment.

For these reasons, mitigation of the impacts of shipping has been chosen as
one of the three core pillars of WWF’s new Global Cetacean Initiative.
Under this initiative, WWF plans to provide conservation stakeholders, as
well as the shipping industry and regulatory bodies with the evidence and
tools they need to help reduce and mitigate the risk of ship strikes and
the impact of shipping-related underwater sound on cetaceans.  This
consultancy represents one of the first steps in that process.

*Canadian context*

Canada is home to 42 different whale populations or communities, 18 of
which are considered to be at risk under the Species at Risk Act. Proposed
industrial developments on Canada’s three coasts – Atlantic, Arctic and
Pacific – are set to significantly increase shipping traffic in regions
with large aggregations of whales.  This is particularly related to the
Arctic, where climate change is leading to reduced ice cover and opening
new shipping routes. WWF-Canada is working across the country to establish
new and refine existing measures to better protect whales at risk. Our
current conservation effort focuses on mitigating threats from shipping –
ship strikes and underwater noise.  WWF-Canada is also supporting research
and innovation in the development of new technologies for real-time
tracking and monitoring. In order to support our initiatives and partners,
WWF-Canada is developing national guidelines with recommendations on best
practices in relation to mitigating the impacts of shipping on cetaceans.
Results from this consultancy will be included in WWF-Canada’s guidelines
and support our future work.

*Terms of Reference*

The work envisaged under this consultancy will result in *two separate
products*: one review with a worldwide focus with recommendations for a
global audience of relevant stakeholders, and another which draws from
international case studies and experience to offer specific recommendations
for mitigation measures to be implemented in Canadian waters.  However, the
consultant may present the elements required for both of these final
products in one comprehensive report.

As such, to meet the objectives of both the Global Cetacean Initiative and
WWF-Canada, the outcome of this consultancy should be a report including
the following elements:

-           A comprehensive and global literature review of monitoring
methods and management measures/mitigation tools to reduce ship strike and
underwater noise on cetaceans;

-           A synthesis of more detailed information from specific case
studies, grouped according to their mitigation category (e.g. slow
steaming, traffic separation schemes, real-time Apps to alert ships of
whale presence, hull/motor modifications to reduce cavitation/noise, etc.),
including an evaluation of their cost-effectiveness;

-           A summary of ongoing management measures/tools used, and
lessons learned from high risk areas by ocean basin building on work
conducted by the  IWC Scientific Committee <https://iwc.int/ship-strikes>
(possibly in a tabular or map-based format);

-           Recommendations for best practices, and identification of
knowledge gaps/research needs on a global level;

-           A more specific set of recommendations for concrete mitigation
measures and priority areas/species to be explored and implemented in
Canadian waters.

*Suggested Structure and Table of Contents *

The document should be written in a style that is scientifically robust and
well referenced, but still accessible to non-scientists.  Numbered
references may be used as a way to include citations without breaking the
flow of text.  While WWF will conduct the final formatting and professional
layout of the report, the inclusion of illustrations/diagrams/maps would be
helpful (with appropriate permissions and citations where relevant).

Executive summary

Abbreviation & acronyms


1)     Introduction

·       International agreements and efforts on mitigation

·       Overview of the impacts of shipping on cetaceans with a focus on
ship strikes and underwater noise.

i)       Map of known High Risk Areas and emerging HRA (this can refer to
the International Whaling Commission’s Strategic Plan to Mitigate the
impact of Strikes to Cetaceans
as well as other workshops and resources provided by the IWC and other

ii)     Scale of impacts, information gaps and data paucity by ocean

(1)   Ship strike

(2)   Underwater noise

2)     Monitoring and Mitigation measures

·       Review of management measures/tools and their effectiveness,
including emerging technologies for real-time data in reducing the impacts
of ship strikes and underwater noise on cetaceans. Synthesize findings in a
summary table.  This can build on a table drafted by the International
Whaling Commission <https://iwc.int/document_3616.download>  and work
undertaken by the IMO on underwater noise (to be provided to the consultant
by WWF) .  Measures should be classified as area-based measures (e.g.
slow-steaming zones, re-routing of shipping lanes) , ship-based measures
(e.g. real-time reporting schemes, hull or vessel modifications), or a
combination of the two.

3)     Ongoing efforts - Case studies demonstrating mitigation measures
that have been trialed around the world.

·       Global Case studies:  A minimum of 4 case studies that describe in
detail the development, implementation and evaluation of different
mitigation methods that have been used to mitigate the impacts of shipping
on whales. These should give the reader insight into the stakeholders
involved, decision making processes and lessons learned.  At least two
should address ship strikes, and at least one should address noise
reduction, and one may look at synergistic benefits (e.g. reductions in
speed resulting in noise reductions, as well as reductions in green house
gases).  Ideally these will represent different ocean basins, different
target species, vessel types and different types of mitigation measures.

·       Canadian Case studies: These should include:

·       The Gulf of St-Lawrence and North Atlantic Right Whale;

·       The Enhancing Cetacean Habitat and Observation (ECHO) Program,
British-Columbia and Southern Resident Killer Whale;

·       The Saguenay St-Lawrence marine park, Quebec and the St-Lawrence

·       The Mary River area of Baffin Island, Nunavut and Narwhals

4)     Lessons learnt, recommendations/best practices:

·       Conclusions, based on current knowledge, about which methods show
the most promise, and are worth investing in.

·       Summary of best practice for ship strike and noise reduction.

·       Knowledge gaps and requirements for further research (include
specific tools that need to be tested, and in what context);

·       Recommendations for actions that could be undertaken by governments
and IGOs to reduce the risk of ship strikes and impacts of shipping related
underwater noise;

·       Canada-specific recommendations:

i)       A summary of the strengths and weaknesses of Canada’s current
approach to mitigating the impacts of shipping (ship strike and underwater
noise) on whales;

ii)     A list of priority areas and species for future work in Canada;

iii)    Specific recommendations for additional management and mitigation
measures to be implemented in Canada.




*Consultant profile and competencies *

The following experience and competencies are essential for the role:

-           A background in cetacean conservation and familiarity with the
shipping industry and its impacts

-           Strong English writing skills.

-           Ability to read and understand French.

-           Self-motivated and able to take initiative to find resources
and expertise where required.

*Budget *

A maximum of 15,000 USD is available for this phase of the project.

*Reporting and key contact*

-        Technical key contacts: Gianna Minton (WWF Global Cetacean
Initiative), Thea Jacob (WWF France), Melanie Lancaster (WWF Arctic
Programme), Georgina Saad (WWF Mexico), Aurelie Cosandey-Godin (WWF-Canada)

-        Reporting on deliverables to Aurelie Cosandey-Godin (WWF-Canada)

*Instructions for submitting an application: *

Please send a letter expressing your interest and demonstrating your
qualifications in relation to the Terms of Reference above. Your letter and
application should include:

-        A brief expression of interest;

-        A summary of your most relevant qualifications;

-        A proposed budget and timeline, with a breakdown of the number of
days expected to be spent on each stage of the project and the rate

-        An up-to-date CV;

-        At least 2 examples of relevant work that you have completed in
the past.

*Please send your application to Aurelie Cosandey-Godin (*
*acosandeygodin at wwfcanada.org* <acosandeygodin at wwfcanada.org>*) by or
before April 5th, 2019. A candidate will be selected by April 12th, 2019.*

Gianna Minton
Mobile  +31 (0) 638325055
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