[MARMAM] New Publication: Novel model to estimate trends in fecundity and calf survival

Cheney, Barbara J. b.cheney at abdn.ac.uk
Mon Feb 11 04:35:38 PST 2019


Dear MARMAM colleagues,

We are pleased to announce that the following paper is now available online:

Cheney, B.J., Thompson, P.M. and Cordes, L.S. (2019) Increasing trends in fecundity and calf survival of bottlenose dolphins in a marine protected area. Scientific Reports, 9, 1767, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-38278-9

Abstract:
Estimates of temporal variation in demographic rates are critical for identifying drivers of population change and supporting conservation. However, for inconspicuous wide-ranging species, births may be missed and fecundity rates underestimated. We address this issue using photo-identification data and a novel robust design multistate model to investigate changes in bottlenose dolphin fecundity and calf survival. The model allows for uncertainty in breeding status, and seasonal effects. The best model estimated an increase in the proportion of females with newborn calves from 0.16 (95% CI = 0.11-0.24) in 2001 to 0.28 (95% CI = 0.22-0.36) in 2016. First year calf survival also increased over this period from 0.78 (95% CI = 0.53-0.92) to 0.93 (95% CI = 0.82-0.98). Second year calf survival remained lower, but also showed an increase from 0.32 (95% CI = 0.19-0.48) to 0.55 (95% CI = 0.44-0.65). Females with newborn calves had a slightly higher mortality than those with older calves, but further work is required to evaluate potential costs of reproduction. This study presents a rare example of empirical evidence of a positive trend in reproduction and survival for a cetacean population using a Marine Protected Area.

An open access PDF copy can be downloaded from https://rdcu.be/bmbu3<http://em.rdcu.be/wf/click?upn=lMZy1lernSJ7apc5DgYM8fUXhGnBGg-2F5SGhd-2B8xg4ZI-3D_miBazqhzI-2Fvdbl-2Fk-2Fv4pLhXke8TDw7y9obuawVAcahOmfObDMeeciNUjO1W0drSfu9j8wFFywyTe-2FAWvCZ7FdlNsngsFewfB0PTenULN8YV7jfMKl9mMgXbK87xGSSsPjk5kNmMG46f1FWx-2FuYJzUorZXdnnEoI7ildWsG4OU6LKWJMNy0cRhiUeznQu0v85N5YAEhPSiJxIzm9sMeySX-2FBIf7L9CX46p2WElEHHOKHCvjfM6OdO-2BFLToVBbduM8STsA6Z7M2OjKJRoF56LnvQ-3D-3D>
Kind regards,

Barbara

__
Barbara Cheney
Research Fellow
Lighthouse Field Station
University of Aberdeen
George Street
Cromarty
Ross-shire IV11 8YL
Tel: 01381 600548

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The University of Aberdeen is a charity registered in Scotland, No SC013683.
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