[MARMAM] New Publication: Kinship influences sperm whale social organization
cmkonrad at Dal.Ca
Thu Sep 6 10:03:32 PDT 2018
The following paper has just been published:
Kinship influences sperm whale social organization within, but generally not among, social units
by: Christine M. Konrad, Shane Gero, Timothy Frasier, Hal Whitehead
Royal Society Open Science 5: 180914
Sperm whales have a multi-level social structure based upon long-term, cooperative social units. What role kinship plays in structuring this society is poorly understood. We combined extensive association data (518 days, during 2005–2016) and genetic data (18 microsatellites and 346 bp mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region sequences) for 65 individuals from 12 social units from the Eastern Caribbean to examine patterns of kinship and social behaviour. Social units were clearly matrilineally based, evidenced by greater relatedness within social units (mean r = 0.14) than between them (mean r = 0.00) and uniform mtDNA haplotypes within social units. Additionally, most individuals (82.5%) had a first-degree relative in their social unit, while we found no first-degree relatives between social units. Generally and within social units, individuals associated more with their closer relatives (matrix correlations: 0.18–0.25). However, excepting a highly related pair of social units that merged over the study period, associations between social units were not correlated with kinship (p > 0.1). These results are the first to robustly demonstrate kinship's contribution to social unit composition and association preferences, though they also reveal variability in association preferences that is unexplained by kinship. Comparisons with other matrilineal species highlight the range of possible matrilineal societies and how they can vary between and even within species.
You can download a pdf at: http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/5/8/180914
cmko.... at dal.ca
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