[MARMAM] New publication: morphology of the cetacean tail fluke (Will Gough)
Will Taylor Gough
wgough at stanford.edu
Sat Mar 10 12:22:43 PST 2018
We are pleased to share our recently published article in the Journal of Morphology:
Gough WT, Fish FE, Wainwright DK, Bart-Smith H. Morphology of the core fibrous layer of the cetacean tail fluke. Journal of Morphology. 2018;00:1–9. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20808<https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20808><https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20808>
Abstract: The cetacean tail fluke blades are not supported by any vertebral elements. Instead, the majority of the blades are composed of a densely packed collagenous fiber matrix known as the core layer. Fluke blades from six species of odontocete cetaceans were examined to compare the morphology and orientation of fibers at different locations along the spanwise and chordwise fluke blade axes. The general fiber morphology was consistent with a three-dimensional structure comprised of two-dimensional sheets of fibers aligned tightly in a laminated configuration along the spanwise axis. The laminated configuration of the fluke blades helps to maintain spanwise rigidity while allowing partial flexibility during swimming. When viewing the chordwise sectional face at the leading edge and mid-chord regions, fibers displayed a crossing pattern. This configuration relates to bending and structural support of the fluke blade. The trailing edge core was found to have parallel fibers arranged more dorso-ventrally. The fiber morphology of the fluke blades was dorso-ventrally symmetrical and similar in all species except the pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps), which was found to have additional core layer fiber bundles running along the span of the fluke blade. These additional fibers may increase stiffness of the structure by resisting tension along their long spanwise axis.
The paper is now available online at <http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jmor.20808/full>
Morphology of the core fibrous layer of the cetacean tail fluke<http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jmor.20808/full>
The cetacean tail fluke blades are not supported by any vertebral elements. Instead, the majority of the blades are composed of a densely packed collagenous fiber matrix known as the core layer. Fluke...
Hopkins Marine Station
Pacific Grove, CA 93950
email: wgough at stanford.edu
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