[MARMAM] New paper: Conservationscape - an interdisciplinary approach for studying bycatch

Tara Whitty tara.whitty at gmail.com
Sat Jan 13 23:50:17 PST 2018

Dear MARMAM community,

I am happy to share the online publication of my paper on Conservationscapes:
an interdisciplinary framework to link species-focused conservation to
human systems <http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/fee.1750/full> in
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment! Bycatch of Irrawaddy dolphins is
used as an illustrative example of how to apply this framework. Abstract
and citation below.

A big "thank you" to all who contributed to this work! If you are unable to
access the full articles, please contact me.

*Abstract: *Effective conservation of species requires an understanding of
both the ecological characteristics of threats to the species in question,
as well as the social and governance context of those threats. However,
data on such characteristics and context are often lacking. This paper
proposes the “conservationscape” framework as a guide for filling these
data gaps, through interdisciplinary research that links species-focused
conservation to a broader, human-inclusive understanding of threats and
possible solutions. This framework, adapted from other social–ecological
system frameworks, outlines (1) basic characteristics of species and the
threats they face, (2) social factors (including economic and cultural
factors) that influence human activities linked to these threats, and (3)
governance context, or how human activities are managed (eg through
regulations or institutions). The accidental capture, or bycatch, of marine
mammals – specifically, Irrawaddy dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris) – by
small-scale fisheries offers a practical example of how this framework can
be used to develop a holistic understanding of conservation threats and
possible solutions. For many conservation issues, this framework could help
provide critical information, elucidate patterns and priorities through
cross-site comparisons, and reduce the gap between research and effective
conservation by informing solutions that integrate the human dimension.

*Citation: *Whitty, T.S. 2018. Conservation-scapes: an interdisciplinary
framework to link species-focused conservation to human systems. Frontiers
in Ecology and the Environment

This framework was developed through my dissertation research on bycatch of
marine mammals (specifically, Irrawaddy dolphins) in small-scale fisheries.
Other previously published products from the application of the
conservationscape include the following two papers:

   - Governance potential for cetacean bycatch mitigation in small-scale
   fisheries: A comparative assessment of four sites in Southeast Asia -
   Applied Geography, 2015
   - Multi-methods approach to characterizing the magnitude, impact, and
   spatial risk of Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris) bycatch in
   small-scale fisheries in Malampaya Sound, Philippines
   <http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mms.12322/abstract> - Marine
   Mammal Science, 2016



Tara Sayuri Whitty, PhD
*tswhitty.com <http://tswhitty.com>*

+95 9429045540, +95 9767517114
*(Note: I have cancelled my US #)*
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