[MARMAM] New publication: Seismic noise in the Arctic measured from four simultaneous seismic surveys
Line Anker Kyhn
lky at bios.au.dk
Thu Dec 20 01:01:10 PST 2018
We are very happy to share our recent article on cumulative seismic noise in the high Arctic with you.
The article is published online in Marine Pollution Bulletin and may be downloaded here until 29th January: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1YCM5,ashq8ew
L.A. Kyhn, D.M. Wisniewska, K. Beedholm, J. Tougaard, M. Simon, A. Mosbech, P.T. Madsen (2019). Basin-wide contributions to the underwater soundscape by multiple seismic surveys with implications for marine mammals in Baffin Bay, Greenland. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 138, Pages 474-490.
• Activity of four seismic vessels significantly increased ambient noise levels.
• On a minute-to-minute scale, sound exposure levels varied by 20–70 dB.
• Ambient noise did not fall to pre-season values throughout the seismic season.
• The constantly elevated noise level gave little masking-free time over 2.5 months.
• Measured noise levels were predicted well by pre-season modeling of cumulative effects.
Seismic surveys increasingly operate in deeper Arctic waters with propagation conditions and marine mammal fauna different from the better-studied temperate, or shallow-water, regions. Using 31 calibrated sound recorders, we quantified noise contributions from four concurrent seismic surveys in Baffin Bay, Greenland, to estimate their potential impacts on marine mammals. The impact was cumulative as the noise level rose in response to the onset of each survey: on a minute-by-minute scale the sound-exposure-levels varied by up to 70 dB (20 dB on average), depending on range to the seismic vessel, local bathymetry effects and interference patterns, representing a significant change in the auditory scene for marine mammals. Airgun pulse energy did not decrease to ambient before arrival of the next pulse leaving very little low-frequency masking-free time. Overall, the measured values matched well with pre-season-modeling, emphasizing the importance of noise-modeling in impact assessments, if responses of focal marine mammals are known.
Happy New Year!
Line A. Kyhn
Department of Bioscience - Aarhus University
Section for Marine Mammal Research (SMAR)
4000 Roskilde – Denmark
Email:lky at bios.au.dk<mailto:lky at bios.au.dk>
Direct telephone: +45 30183148
Skype: Line Kyhn
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