[MARMAM] New publication: humpback whales and vessel noise

Michelle Elizabeth Fournet mef264 at cornell.edu
Mon Dec 10 06:48:24 PST 2018


Hello Marmam,



My colleagues and I have would like to call your attention to a manuscript on humpback whale responses to noise in Marine Ecology Progress Series. The manuscript is Open Access and is available for download at: https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v607/p251-268/





Humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae alter calling behavior in response to natural sounds and vessel noise

Michelle E. H. Fournet,* Leanna P. Matthews, Christine M. Gabriele, Samara Haver1, David K. Mellinger, Holger Klinck

*Corresponding author: michelle.fournet at gmail.com

ABSTRACT: Acoustically adept species in the marine environment have to contend with complex and highly variable soundscapes. In the ocean today, sounds from human sources contribute substantially to the underwater acoustic environment. We used a 4-element hydrophone array in Glacier Bay National Park to (1) identify primary drivers of ambient sound in this region, (2) investigate whether humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae exhibit a Lombard response in response to ambient noise, and (3) investigate whether humpback whales adjust their calling activity in response to naturally occurring and vessel-generated sounds. We found that cruise ships and tour boats, roaring harbor seals Phoca vitulina, and weather events were primary drivers of ambient sound levels, and that they varied both seasonally and diurnally. As ambient sound levels increased, humpback whales responded by increasing the source levels of their calls (non-song vocalizations) by 0.81 dB (95% CI = 0.79-0.90) for every 1 dB increase in ambient sound. There was no evidence that the magnitude of the observed response differed between natural and man-made sounds. We also found that the probability of a humpback whale calling in the survey area decreased by 9% for every 1 dB increase in ambient sound. Controlling for ambient sound levels, the probability of a humpback whale calling in the survey area was 31-45% lower when vessel noise contributed to the soundscape than when only natural sounds were present.



Cite as: Fournet MEH, Matthews LP, Gabriele CM, Haver S, Mellinger DK, Klinck H (2018) Humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae alter calling behavior in response to natural sounds and vessel noise. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 607:251-268. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12784

Inter Research » MEPS » v607 » p251-268<https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v607/p251-268/>
www.int-res.com
1 Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA 2 Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies, Oregon State University, Newport, OR 97365, USA 3 Biology Department, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA 4 Humpback Whale Monitoring Program, Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Gustavus, AK 99826, USA

Cheers,
Michelle Fournet


--

Michelle E.H. Fournet, PhD
Postdoctoral Research Associate

Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Bioacoustics Research Program
159 Sapsucker Woods Road
Ithaca, NY, 14850-1999

michelle.fournet at cornell.edu
(907) 723-2752
mfournet.wordpress.com<http://mfournet.wordpress.com/>

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