[MARMAM] New publication: Artisanal fisheries depredation by bottlenose dolphins in the Southwestern Gulf of Mexico...
eduardo.morteo at gmail.com
Thu Aug 9 04:29:28 PDT 2018
Dear MARMAM Readers,
On behalf of my co-authors, I am pleased to share our recent publication, which will be available in the next issue of Aquatic Mammals:
Rechimont M.E., Lara-Domínguez A.L., Morteo E., Martínez-Serrano I., Equihua M. En prensa. Depredation by coastal bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico in relation to fishing techniques. Aquatic Mammals 44(5):458-470. ISSN: 1996-7292, doi: 10.1578/AM.44.5.2018.458
Abstract: Cetacean–fishery interactions are a recurring problem. These interactions are conflict prone, especially between fishers and those seeking marine mammal conservation. In the southwestern Gulf of Mexico, a large fleet of artisanal fisheries operates using a range of different techniques. We recorded 90 fishing operations in two different fishing areas of Veracruz, Mexico, between 2009- 2010 and 2014-2015, assessing whether dolphin interaction negatively affects fish catch and fish gear. These potential impacts were evaluated using three generalized linear models (GLMs) hypothesizing that (1) depredation decreases catch per unit effort (CPUE), (2) the predator presence modifies catch composition, and (3) prey species presence increases the likelihood of depredation. Of the gillnet hauls analyzed, 27 were subject to depredation by bottlenose dolphins, despite conditions and fishing methods varying among sites. Higher CPUE attracts larger pods, but a negative effect by depredation was not detected. We also found that depredation probability increased when there were higher capture volumes, when mackerels and jacks were present, and when operations were most southwesterly. Despite the short distance (< 80 km) between sites, we found that bottlenose dolphins on each site displayed different feeding behaviors towards fishing nets. Regarding conservation, bycatch caused by dolphins does not seem to be problematic. In fact, the increase in boat traffic and declining prey abundances due to overfishing could be the main causes of fishers’ economic loss. Dolphin–fishery interactions may not represent an actual challenge for marine conservation managers, but stakeholders, fisheries, and governmental institutions should be aware that diminishing returns due to overfishing could exacerbate the apparently false notion of dolphins competing for the fish.
Key Words: catch composition, fishing gear, CPUE, interactions, PNSAV-Marine Protected Area, Veracruz
Please email me if you want to have an advanced "In press" copy of the manuscript at: eduardo.morteo at gmail.com <mailto:eduardo.morteo at gmail.com>
Eduardo Morteo, Dr.
Head Researcher Level C
Marine Mammal Laboratory (LabMMar, IIB-ICIMAP)
Institute of Biological Research
Calle Dr. Castelazo Ayala S/N, Col. Industrial Ánimas, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico, CP 91190.
Ph/Tel: +52 (228) 841 89 00
E-mail: emorteo at uv.mx
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