[MARMAM] New publication: New Determination of Prey and Parasite Species for Northern Indian Ocean Blue Whales
Asha de Vos
asha at oceanswell.org
Sat Apr 14 04:26:17 PDT 2018
It is with great pleasure that we announce the publication of our new paper: New Determination of Prey and Parasite Species for Northern Indian Ocean Blue Whales.
Abstract: Blue whales are little studied, face significant anthropogenic threats and within the Northern Indian Ocean, have a restricted range, making them an archetype for conservation needs of megafauna around the world. We studied feeding behavior of blue whales using dietary DNA metabarcoding of fecal samples. While globally blue whale populations feed predominantly on Euphausiidae, 87% of prey DNA amplicons extracted from fecal samples from this population were sergestid shrimp, demonstrating that blue whales can locate and feed on dense swarms of other types of prey when they occur. Within the Indian Ocean sergestids are present within the top 300 m, which correlates with the deep scattering layer observed by hydroacoustics. Studies suggest that this requirement to dive deeper in search of prey likely explains the prevalence of fluke up diving within this population of blue whales relative to other parts of the globe. Furthermore, this study revealed the presence of acanthocephalan endoparasites within the stomach and intestines of the Northern Indian Ocean blue whales. This represents the first record of Acanthocephala in blue whales in the Northern Indian Ocean and highlights the need for further studies on both the ecto- and endoparasitic flora and monitoring of health of these cetaceans for their management and conservation.
Full citation: de Vos, A., Faux, C., Marthick, J., Dickinson, J., Jarman, S. (2018), New determination of prey and parasite species for Northern Indian Ocean Blue Whales, Front. Mar. Sci. 5: 104.
Full paper available at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2018.00104/full
Asha de Vos Ph.D.
Pew Fellow in Marine Conservation
National Geographic Explorer
WEF Young Global Leader
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