[MARMAM] New paper on ambient sound and marine mammals in the Southern Ocean

Menze Sebastian sebastian.menze at imr.no
Thu Jan 12 00:08:14 PST 2017

Dear MARMAM community,

My co-authors and me are pleased to announce that our paper on ambient sound in the Southern Ocean has been published online (open access):

The influence of sea ice, wind speed and marine mammals on Southern Ocean ambient sound

Sebastian Menze, Daniel P. Zitterbart, Ilse van Opzeeland, Olaf Boebel
R. Soc. open sci. 2017 4 160370; DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160370. Published 11 January 2017

This paper describes the natural variability of ambient sound in the Southern Ocean, an acoustically pristine marine mammal habitat. Over a 3-year period, two autonomous recorders were moored along the Greenwich meridian to collect underwater passive acoustic data. Ambient sound levels were strongly affected by the annual variation of the sea-ice cover, which decouples local wind speed and sound levels during austral winter. With increasing sea-ice concentration, area and thickness, sound levels decreased while the contribution of distant sources increased. Marine mammal sounds formed a substantial part of the overall acoustic environment, comprising calls produced by Antarctic blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus intermedia), fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus), Antarctic minke whales (Balaenoptera bonaerensis) and leopard seals (Hydrurga leptonyx). The combined sound energy of a group or population vocalizing during extended periods contributed species-specific peaks to the ambient sound spectra. The temporal and spatial variation in the contribution of marine mammals to ambient sound suggests annual patterns in migration and behaviour. The Antarctic blue and fin whale contributions were loudest in austral autumn, whereas the Antarctic minke whale contribution was loudest during austral winter and repeatedly showed a diel pattern that coincided with the diel vertical migration of zooplankton.

Available online at: http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/4/1/160370

Feel free to contact me for questions at: sebastian.menze at imr.no

This study has been conducted by the ocean acoustic group of the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz centre for polar and marine research. Find more information about us at: http://www.awi.de/en/science/climate-sciences/physical-oceanography/main-research-focus/ocean-acoustics-lab.html

Best regards,

Sebastian Menze
Stipendiat / PhD fellow
Havforskningsinstituttet / Insituite of Marine Research
Nordnesgaten 33, Bergen, Norway
Phone: +47 45 61 7070

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