[MARMAM] New Publication: Modelling year-round habitat suitability and drivers of residency for fin whales in the California Current (Kylie L. Scales / Greg S. Schorr)

Kylie Scales kscales at usc.edu.au
Sun Aug 20 20:46:14 PDT 2017


Dear MARMAM collegues,


We are pleased to share our recent publication, which uses a large, multi-year satellite telemetry dataset collected by MarEcoTel of Washington State to identify year-round habitats of fin whales in the California Current System.


Scales KL, Schorr GS, Hazen EL, Bograd SJ, Miller PI, Andrews RD, Zerbini AN & Falcone EA (2017) Should I stay or should I go? Modelling year-round habitat suitability and drivers of residency for fin whales in the California Current. Diversity & Distributions, In Press.


The article is now online as Early View, which can be accessed at https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12611

Alternatively, please email Greg Schorr at gschorr at marecotel.org for a full-text PDF offprint.


ABSTRACT


Aim: Understanding the spatial ecology of endangered species is crucial to predicting habitat use at scales relevant to conservation and management. Here, we aim to model the influence of biophysical conditions on habitat suitability for fin whales Balaenoptera physalus, with a view to informing management in a heavily impacted ocean region.


Location: We satellite-tracked the movements of 67 fin whales through the California Current System (CCS), a dynamic eastern boundary upwelling ecosystem in the Northeast Pacific.


Methods: We use a multi-scale modelling framework to elucidate biophysical influences on habitat suitability for fin whales in the CCS. Using generalized additive mixed models, we quantify the influence of a suite of remotely-sensed variables on broad-scale patterns of occupancy and present the first year-round, high-resolution predictions of seasonal habitat suitability. Further, we model the influence of contemporaneous biophysical conditions on individual-level residence times in high-use habitat.


Results: We present evidence of year-round habitat suitability in the southern California Current System, robust to interannual variability, establishing that North Pacific fin whales do not follow the canonical baleen whale migration model. Within the high-use habitat in the Southern California Bight (SCB), individual-level residency in localized areas (n = 16 for >30 days; n = 4 for >6 months) was associated with warm, shallow, nearshore waters (>18°C, <500 m), with cool waters (14–15°C) occurring over complex seafloor topographies and with convergent (sub)mesoscale structures at the surface.


Main Conclusions: Biophysical conditions in the southern CCS generate productive foraging habitats that can support the fin whale population year-round and allow for extended periods of residency in localized areas. High-use habitats for fin whales are co-located with areas of intense human use, including international shipping routes and a major naval training range. Seasonal habitat suitability maps presented here could inform the management of anthropogenic threats to endangered baleen whales in this globally significant biodiversity hotspot.


Best regards,


Dr. Kylie L. Scales

kscales at usc.edu.au

Lecturer in Animal Ecology, University of Sunshine Coast, Queensland

Formerly Project Scientist, NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center & University of California, Santa Cruz



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