[MARMAM] New Publication: Diurnal variation in harbour porpoise detection—potential implications for management
Williamson, Laura Dawn
l.williamson at abdn.ac.uk
Thu Apr 27 05:12:04 PDT 2017
My co-authors and I are pleased to announce the publication of the following article in Marine Ecology Progress Series:
Williamson LD, Brookes KL, Scott BE, Graham IM, Thompson PM (2017) Diurnal variation in harbour porpoise detection—potential implications for management. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 570:223-232. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12118
ABSTRACT: Robust information on animal distributions and foraging behaviour is required to target management and conservation measures for protected species and populations. Visual survey data are commonly used to model these distributions. However, because visual data can only be collected in daylight, modelled distributions and consequent management actions may fail to identify or protect important nocturnal habitats. We explored this issue using data from the Moray Firth, Scotland, where visual survey data have previously been used to characterise habitat use and distribution patterns of harbour porpoises Phocoena phocoena. Marine predators such as harbour porpoises have a widespread distribution, are highly mobile and are known to exhibit behavioural variation in relation to diel cycles. Here, we used long-term passive acoustic data which revealed habitat-specific differences in diel patterns of detection. Harbour porpoises were detected consistently during night and day in sandy areas, with peaks in detection around sunrise and sunset, and at night in muddy areas. Detections also varied with depth, with the greatest proportion of daytime detections recorded in shallower sandy areas, and the most nighttime detections recorded in deeper muddy areas. The proportion of detections with foraging buzzes increased slightly during the night and in muddy habitats. These findings suggest that the importance of muddy habitats could be underestimated when using visual survey data alone. This highlights the value of using a combination of visual and acoustic methods both to characterise species distribution and to support efforts to develop appropriate spatio-temporal management of key habitats.
The publication is open access and available at:
Laura D. Williamson
MASTS PhD student
Room 418, Zoology Building
School of Biological Sciences
University of Aberdeen
The University of Aberdeen is a charity registered in Scotland, No SC013683.
Tha Oilthigh Obar Dheathain na charthannas clàraichte ann an Alba, Àir. SC013683.
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