[MARMAM] New publication: Hydration affects the physical and mechanical properties of baleen tissue
awerth at hsc.edu
Wed Oct 26 13:10:12 PDT 2016
Dear MARMAM readers,
My coauthors and I are pleased to announce the publication of the following paper on the biomechanics of baleen, published in the online, open-access journal Royal Society Open Science:
Werth AJ, Harriss R, Rosario M, George JC, Sformo TL. 2016. Hydration affects the physical and mechanical properties of baleen tissue. Roy Soc Open Sci. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160591
Baleen, an anisotropic oral filtering tissue found only in the mouth of mysticete whales and made solely of alpha-keratin, exhibits markedly differing physical and mechanical properties between dried or (as in life) hydrated states. On average baleen is 32.35% water by weight in North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and 34.37% in bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus). Baleen's wettability measured by water droplet contact angles shows that dried baleen is hydrophobic whereas hydrated baleen is highly hydrophilic. Three-point flexural bending tests of mechanical strength reveal that baleen is strong yet ductile. Dried baleen is brittle and shatters at about 20–30 N mm−2 but hydrated baleen is less stiff; it bends with little force and absorbed water is squeezed out when force is applied. Maximum recorded stress was 4× higher in dried (mean 14.29 N mm−2) versus hydrated (mean 3.69 N mm−2) baleen, and the flexural stiffness was >10× higher in dried (mean 633N mm−2) versus hydrated (mean 58 N mm−2) baleen. In addition to documenting hydration's powerful effects on baleen, this study indicates that baleen is far more pliant and malleable than commonly supposed, with implications for studies of baleen's structure and function as well as its susceptibility to oil or other hydrophobic pollutants.
The paper can be accessed here: http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/3/10/160591
or you can contact me directly.
Alexander J. Werth, Ph.D.
Trinkle Professor of Biology
Chair, Department of Biology
Box 162, Hampden-Sydney, VA 23943
434-223-6326, fax 434-223-6374
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