[MARMAM] New publication on subsampling of annual dentin for SIA
d00b44002 at ntu.edu.tw
Thu Jan 21 18:52:18 PST 2016
We are pleased to announce the publication of our research article:
Evacitas FC, Worthy GAJ, Chou L-S. ALTERNATIVE METHOD FOR SUBSAMPLING ANNUAL DENTIN LAYERS IN SMALL MAMMALIAN TEETH FOR STABLE ISOTOPE ANALYSIS. Journal of Archaeological Science 66 (2016) 112-119. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2016.01.001<http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2016.01.001>
Several techniques have been used to sample annual dentin layers in mammalian teeth for stable isotope analysis. However tooth size in smaller animals and the conical arrangement of the dentin layers have constrained precision of subsampling and collection of adequate sample from each annual growth layer. We tested an alternative subsampling technique using teeth from Risso's dolphins (n = 15) that involved cutting out the annual dentin growth layer groups (GLGs) from 300 to 500 μm longitudinal sections from one half of a demineralized tooth and comparing the results to those obtained using a standard micromilling process on the other half of the same tooth. Subsamples were analyzed for elemental C and N content and for stable C and N isotopes. Subsamples obtained from cutting out the GLGs showed more consistent wt%N, wt%C, and atomic C/N ratios that were significantly different (P<0.0001) from those obtained by micromilling. Consequently, the δ15N and δ13C values differed significantly between methods with values from the former method being more concordant with the expected variations in the early years of Risso's dolphins. Deviations in δ13C values in the micromilled subsamples were large enough to create possible errors in interpretation of dietary sources. Cutting out the dentin layers reduced sample processing time by 90% and yielded ∼10% more collagen than micromilling. These results suggest that cutting out the annual dentin layers can produce greater yield of samples of better collagen quality with a much shorter processing time than the micromilling process and is, therefore, an effective method to subsample small mammalian teeth.
Free access to the article until March 5, 2016:
National Taiwan University
Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, College of Life Science
Taipei City 10617
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E-mail: chouls at ntu.edu.tw<mailto:chouls at ntu.edu.tw>
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