[MARMAM] New pubblication: Meningoencephalitis and Listeria monocytogenes, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. coinfection in a dolphin in Italy

Grattarola Carla Carla.Grattarola at izsto.it
Tue Apr 12 02:46:56 PDT 2016


Dear MARMAM subscribers,

My colleagues and I are pleased to announce the publication of our research article:
Grattarola C<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Grattarola%20C%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Giorda F<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Giorda%20F%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Iulini B<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Iulini%20B%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Pintore MD<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Pintore%20MD%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Pautasso A<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Pautasso%20A%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Zoppi S<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Zoppi%20S%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Goria M<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Goria%20M%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Romano A<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Romano%20A%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Peletto S<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Peletto%20S%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Varello K<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Varello%20K%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Garibaldi F<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Garibaldi%20F%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Garofolo G<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Garofolo%20G%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Di Francesco CE<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Di%20Francesco%20CE%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Marsili L<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Marsili%20L%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>,Bozzetta E<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Bozzetta%20E%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Di Guardo G<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Di%20Guardo%20G%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Dondo A<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Dondo%20A%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Mignone W<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Mignone%20W%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>, Casalone C<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Casalone%20C%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=26912047>.(2016). Meningoencephalitis and Listeria monocytogenes, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. coinfection in a dolphin in Italy.
Dis Aquat Organ.<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26912047#> 2016 Feb 25;118(2):169-74. doi: 10.3354/dao02957.
Abstract

Listeria monocytogenes, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. can infect a wide range of species, including humans. In cetaceans, meningoencephalitis has been associated with T. gondii and Brucella spp. infection, whereas to our knowledge, L. monocytogenes infection has not previously been reported. Meningoencephalitis and L. monocytogenes, T. gondii and Brucella spp. were identified by means of both direct and indirect laboratory techniques in an adult female striped dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba found stranded in January 2015 on the Ligurian Sea coast, northwestern Italy. The animal was emaciated, and histopathology disclosed severe meningoencephalitis. The nature of the inflammatory response and intra-lesional protozoa were consistent with a mixed infection by L. monocytogenes, T. gondii and Brucella spp. We believe this is an unprecedented case of infection by 3 zoonotic pathogens and also the first bacteriologically confirmed case report of neurolisteriosis in cetaceans. Cerebral toxoplasmosis and neurobrucellosis may have led to the animal's disorientation and stranding, with L. monocytogenes having likely exacerbated the coinfection leading to the demise of this dolphin.


The article is available in the publisher's website or by request at carla.grattarola at izsto.it<mailto:carla.grattarola at izsto.it>

Best regards,

Carla Grattarola



Carla Grattarola DVM

S.C. Neuroscienze-Lab Neuropatologia
CEA-Centro di Referenza Nazionale per le TSE
C.Re.Di.Ma.- Centro di Referenza Nazionale per le indagini diagnostiche sui Mammiferi Marini spiaggiati
Istituto Zooprofilattico del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d'Aosta
Via Bologna 148, 10154 TORINO - ITALIA
Tel.(+39)-011 2686296 - Mob. (+39) 348 4411538
e-mail:carla.grattarola at izsto.it
www.izsto.it<http://www.izsto.it/>

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