[MARMAM] New Publication: Estimating energetics in cetaceans from respiratory frequency: why we need to understand physiology

Fahlman Andreas afahlman at whoi.edu
Sat Apr 9 16:45:27 PDT 2016

Dear All
We are pleased to share our new publication “Estimating energetics in cetaceans from respiratory frequency: why we need to understand physiology” that was recently published in Biology Open. The study takes a closer look at the possibility of obtaining reasonable estimates of metabolic rates from breathing frequency in bottlenose dolphins. 
A copy of the paper can be found at: http://bio.biologists.org/content/biolopen/early/2016/03/16/bio.017251.full.pdf <http://bio.biologists.org/content/biolopen/early/2016/03/16/bio.017251.full.pdf>
or by sending a request to afahlman at whoi.edu <mailto:afahlman at whoi.edu>

Title:Estimating energetics in cetaceans from respiratory frequency: why we need to understand physiology
Authors: Fahlman, A., van der Hoop, J., Moore, M.J., Levine, G., Rocho-Levine, J., Brodsky, M.
Journal: Biology Open
Year: 2016

Abstract: The accurate estimation of field metabolic rates (FMR) in wild animals is a key component of bioenergetic models, and is important for understanding the routine limitations for survival as well as individual responses to disturbances or environmental changes. Several methods have been used to estimate FMR, including accelerometer-derived activity budgets, isotope dilution techniques, and proxies from heart rate. Counting the number of breaths is another method used to assess FMR in cetaceans, which is attractive in its simplicity and the ability to measure respiration frequency from visual cues or data loggers. This method hinges on the assumption that over time a constant tidal volume (VT) and O2 exchange fraction (ΔO2) can be used to predict FMR. To test whether this method of estimating FMR is valid, we measured breath-by-breath tidal volumes and expired O2 levels of bottlenose dolphins, and computed the O2 consumption rate (V̇ O2) before and after a pre-determined duration of exercise. The measured V̇ O2 was compared with three methods to estimate FMR. Each method to estimate V̇ O2 included variable VT and/or ΔO2. Two assumption-based methods overestimated V̇ O2 by 216-501%. Once the temporal changes in cardio-respiratory physiology, such as variation in VT and ΔO2, were taken into account, pre-exercise resting V̇ O2 was predicted to within 2%, and post-exercise V̇ O2 was overestimated by 12%. Our data show that a better understanding of cardiorespiratory physiology significantly improves the ability to estimate metabolic rate from respiratory frequency, and further emphasizes the importance of eco-physiology for conservation management efforts.
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