[MARMAM] New publication on the Status, biology, threats and conservation priorities of the Mediterranean monk seal

Alexandros A. Karamanlidis akaramanlidis at gmail.com
Sat Nov 21 09:43:23 PST 2015

Dear Marmammers,

my co-authors and I are pleased to announce the following publication:

Karamanlidis, A. A., P. Dendrinos, P. Fernández De Larrinoa, A. C. Gücü, W.
M. Johnson, C. O. Kiraç and R. Pires. 2015. Status, biology, threats and
conservation priorities of the Mediterranean monk seal. Mammal Review. DOI:

The paper is available at

Abstract is below, pdf requests can be sent to: akaramanlidis at gmail.com

Best regards


1.             The Mediterranean monk seal *Monachus monachus* is the most
endangered seal species. In this review we summarize the status, ecology
and behaviour of the Mediterranean monk seal, and identify the main threats
that currently affect the species and the conservation priorities for
securing its survival.

2.             Once abundant throughout the Black Sea and Mediterranean as
well as off the Atlantic coasts of northwestern Africa and Macaronesia, the
Mediterranean monk seal has recently suffered dramatic declines, both in
abundance and geographical range. It is now estimated that fewer than 700
individuals survive in three or four isolated subpopulations in the eastern
and western Mediterranean, the archipelago of Madeira and the Cabo Blanco
area in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean.

3.             Mediterranean monk seals are coastal marine mammals. When
resting and pupping on land, individuals generally seek refuge in
inaccessible marine caves; this behaviour is, in part, believed to be an
adaptation to increased disturbance by humans. Larger aggregations or
colonies of the species can now be found only at Cabo Blanco in the
Atlantic Ocean and on the island of Gyaros in the eastern Mediterranean.

4.             The main threats to the survival of the Mediterranean monk
seal are habitat deterioration; deliberate killing, mainly by fishermen;
and accidental entanglement and drowning in fishing gear. Limited
availability of food sources and stochastic and unusual events have
occasionally also contributed to Mediterranean monk seal mortality.

5.             Based on a common consensus among scientists and
conservationists, the main conservation priorities for the monk seal are:
habitat protection; mitigating negative interactions between seals and
fisheries; scientific research and monitoring of local seal populations;
education and public awareness campaigns; and rescue and rehabilitation of
wounded, sick and orphaned seals.

greetings from Greece,

*Αλέξανδρος Καραμανλίδης*

*Βιολόγος **PhD*

*Επιστημονικός Συντονιστής*

*MOm**/Εταιρεία Μελέτης & Προστασίας της Μεσογειακής Φώκιας*

*Alexandros Karamanlidis*

*Biologist PhD*

*Scientific Coordinator*

*MOm/Hellenic Society for the Study & Protection of the Monk Seal*

*www.mom.gr <http://www.mom.gr/>*

*tel: 00302105222888 <00302105222888>, fax: 00302105222450
<00302105222450>, mob: 00306942439175 <00306942439175>*

[image: MOmsimablueDiafano copy]
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