[MARMAM] Harbour porpoises respond to low levels of high frequency vessel noise
monika.dyndo at gmail.com
Mon Jun 22 23:36:17 PDT 2015
For those of you interested in the issue of marine mammals and noise, we have a paper out in Scientific Reports showing that harbor porpoises respond to low levels of high frequency vessel noise. The abstract can be found here:
Cetaceans rely critically on sound for navigation, foraging and communication and are therefore potentially affected by increasing noise levels from human activities at sea. Shipping is the main
contributor of anthropogenic noise underwater, but studies of shipping noise effects have primarily considered baleen whales due to their good hearing at low frequencies, where ships produce most
noise power. Conversely, the possible effects of vessel noise on small toothed whales have been largely ignored due to their poor low-frequency hearing. Prompted by recent findings of energy at
medium- to high-frequencies in vessel noise, we conducted an exposure study where the behaviour of four porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in a net-pen was logged while they were exposed to 133 vessel passages. Using a multivariate generalised linear mixed-effects model, we show that low levels of high frequency components in vessel noise elicit strong, stereotyped behavioural responses in porpoises. Such low levels will routinely be experienced by porpoises in the wild at ranges of more than 1000 meters from vessels, suggesting that vessel noise is a, so far, largely overlooked, but substantial source of disturbance in shallow water areas with high density of both porpoises and vessels.
The paper is freely available online at http://www.nature.com/srep/2015/150622/srep11083/full/srep11083.html.
All the best,
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