[MARMAM] New paper on CITES, ESA, trade bans and the polar bear

Diana Weber diana.weber at gmail.com
Tue Feb 3 10:44:52 PST 2015

Dear MARMAM subscribers,

We are pleased to announce a new publication in press with the online
journal Global Ecology and Conservation [

Weber DS, T Mandler, M Dyck, PF van Coeverden de Groot, D Lee, DA
Clark. Unexpected
and undesired conservation outcomes of wildlife trade bans – An emerging
problem for stakeholders? *In Press: Global Ecology & Conservation*.  doi:

*Abstract:*   CITES regulates international trade with the goal of
preventing over-exploitation, thus the survival of species are not
jeopardized from trade practices; however it has been used recently in
nontrade conservation measures. As an example, the US proposed to up-list
polar bears under CITES Appendix I, despite that the species did not
conform to the biological criteria. Polar bears were listed as ‘threatened’
under US ESA in 2008, in response to loss of sea-ice and warming
temperatures. In Nunavut, where most of Canada’s polar bears are harvested,
the resulting trade ban did not decrease total harvest after the ESA
listing but reduced US hunter participation and the proportion of quotas
taken by sport hunters from specific populations. Consequently, the import
ban impacted livelihoods of Arctic indigenous communities with negative
conservation - reduced tolerance for dangerous fauna and affected local
participation in shared management initiatives. The polar bear may be the
exemplar of an emerging problem: the use of trade bans in place of action
for non-trade threats, e.g., climate change. Conservation prospects for
this species and other climate-sensitive wildlife will likely diminish if
the increasing use of trade bans to combat not-trade issues cause
stakeholders to lose faith in participatory management.

The article is open access and may be found at the link below:


The journal's site lists a technical error but the PDF can still be
downloaded. Alternatively you can email me for a PDF at
diana.weber at gmail.com

Kind regards,


Diana S. Weber, Ph.D.
diana.weber at gmail.com
+1 646 652 9428

"Properly trained, a man can be dog's best friend."
 *- Corey Ford*
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