[MARMAM] New paper on offshore wind farms and marine mammals

Helen Bailey hbailey at umces.edu
Mon Oct 6 10:14:22 PDT 2014


The review paper "Assessing environmental impacts of offshore wind 
farms: lessons learned and recommendations for the future" has recently 
been published.

The paper can be downloaded for free at: 

Bailey, H., Brookes, K.L. and Thompson, P.M. (2014) Assessing 
environmental impacts of offshore wind farms: Lessons learned and 
recommendations for the future. /Aquatic Biosystems, /10: 8. 

Offshore wind power provides a valuable source of renewable energy that 
can help reduce carbon emissions. Technological advances are allowing 
higher capacity turbines to be installed and in deeper water, but there 
is still much that is unknown about the effects on the environment. Here 
we describe the lessons learned based on the recent literature and our 
experience with assessing impacts of offshore wind developments on 
marine mammals and seabirds, and make recommendations for future 
monitoring and assessment as interest in offshore wind energy grows 
around the world. The four key lessons learned that we discuss are: 1) 
Identifying the area over which biological effects may occur to inform 
baseline data collection and determining the connectivity between key 
populations and proposed wind energy sites, 2) The need to put impacts 
into a population level context to determine whether they are 
biologically significant, 3) Measuring responses to wind farm 
construction and operation to determine disturbance effects and 
avoidance responses, and 4) Learn from other industries to inform risk 
assessments and the effectiveness of mitigation measures. As the number 
and size of offshore wind developments increases, there will be a 
growing need to consider the population level consequences and 
cumulative impacts of these activities on marine species. Strategically 
targeted data collection and modeling aimed at answering questions for 
the consenting process will also allow regulators to make decisions 
based on the best available information, and achieve a balance between 
climate change targets and environmental legislation.

You can also e-mail me directly for a copy at: hbailey at umces.edu

Many thanks,

Dr. Helen Bailey
Research Assistant Professor
Chesapeake Biological Laboratory
146 Williams Street
P.O. Box 38
Solomons, MD 20688
Tel: (1) 410-326-7284 / 240-237-8751
Website: www.umces.edu/cbl/faculty/hbailey

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