[MARMAM] New Publication: Isotope turnover rates and diet–tissue discrimination in dolphin skin
Graham.Worthy at ucf.edu
Thu Jan 16 17:17:21 PST 2014
We are pleased to announce the publication of the following article:
Nicole E. Browning, Christopher Dold, Jack I-Fan and Graham A. J. Worthy (2014)
Isotope turnover rates and diet–tissue discrimination in skin of ex situ bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
Journal of Experimental Biology 217: 214-221. doi:10.1242/jeb.093963
Diet–tissue discrimination factors (Δ15N or Δ13C) and turnover times are thought to be influenced by a wide range of variables including metabolic rate, age, dietary quality, tissue sampled and the taxon being investigated. In the present study, skin samples were collected from ex situ dolphins that had consumed diets of known isotopic composition for a minimum of 8 weeks. Adult dolphins consuming a diet of low fat (5–6%) and high δ15N value had significantly lower
Δ15N values than animals consuming a diet with high fat (13.9%) and low δ15N value. Juvenile dolphins consuming a diet with low fat and an intermediate δ15N value had significantly higher Δ15N values than adults consuming the same diet. Calculated half-lives for δ15N ranged from 14 to 23 days (17.2±1.3 days). Half-lives for δ13C ranged from
11 to 23 days with a significant difference between low fat (13.9±4.8 days) and high fat diets (22.0±0.5 days). Overall, our results indicate that while assuming a Δ13C value of 1‰ may be appropriate for cetaceans, Δ15N values may be closer to 1.5‰ rather than the commonly assumed 3‰. Our data also suggest that understanding seasonal variability in prey composition is another significant consideration when applying discrimination factors or turnover times to field studies focused on feeding habits. Isotope retention times of only a few weeks suggest that, in addition, these isotope data could play an important role in interpreting recent fine-scale habitat utilization and residency patterns.
The full text and PDF is available at:
Graham A.J. Worthy, Ph.D.
Provost's Distinguished Research Professor of Biology,
Hubbs-Sea World Endowed Professor of Marine Mammalogy, and
Director, Physiological Ecology and Bioenergetics Lab
Department of Biology, University of Central Florida,
4110 Libra Dr, Room BIO402A
Orlando FL 32816-2368
Graham.Worthy at ucf.edu<mailto:Graham.Worthy at ucf.edu>
"Wise men talk because they have something to say; fools, because
they have to say something" Plato
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