[MARMAM] Biennial workshop places available at super low fee

Chris Parsons ecm-parsons at earthlink.net
Sat Sep 28 13:39:34 PDT 2013

The Society for Conservation Biology Marine Section has sponsored the
following Soc. for Marine Mammalogy workshops so that instead of up to $100
admission to the workshop will cost ONLY $10 FOR THE FIRST 30 REGISTRANTS IN
EACH !!!


e&id=591&Itemid=336&workshop=31> Top twenty research questions of global
importance for cetacean conservation*  ONLY $10 for first 30 registrants


e&id=591&Itemid=336&workshop=46> Cognition and Self-awareness in Cetaceans:
A review of ethical implications for conservation laws * ONLY $10 for first
30 registrants


e&id=591&Itemid=336&workshop=43> ntegrating Marine Mammal Conservation:
Human Dimensions and the Practitioner * ONLY $10 for first 30 registrants



Don't forget to REGISTER ASAP !


Top twenty research questions of global importance for cetacean conservation
Date: Saturday 7the December - Whole Day (lunch included)


In 2008/9 an exercise was conducted in the UK to parse a list of 100 urgent
research questions that need to be addressed in order to further
conservation globally. The results of this exercise were published as an
article in Conservation Biology (Sutherland et al. 2009. An assessment of
the 100 questions of greatest importance to the conservation of global
biodiversity. Conservation Biology 23(3): 557-567), which has since become
the journal's most frequently downloaded and cited paper. This paper has
also been highly useful for government agencies when prioritizing research
and funding. During the exercise over 2000 questions were generated by a
select group of academics, NGO representatives and agency officials, which
were then ordered by perceived priority during a two-day workshop to
identify the final list of 100 questions. In 2011/12 a similar exercise was
conducted to produce a list of key research questions for marine
conservation-addressing questions on this list will become a key selection
criterion for participating in the Society for Conservation Biology's
International Marine Conservation Congresses. A few of the questions in the
latter exercise are relevant to cetaceans, but none are specific to cetacean
conservation. Therefore we propose to hold a two-day workshop to develop a
list of questions specifically related to cetaceans to aid agencies, NGOs,
and academics prioritize conservation research needs. Relevant questions
developed during the previous exercises will be used as a basis for
discussion, in addition to new questions proposed by participants. A
call-out for questions will be announced prior to the event, and these
questions will be compiled by workshop organizers. During the SMM workshop,
the list of questions will be discussed, edited and pared down, with a final
list prepared on the afternoon of the second day. The top 20 questions will
be compiled and submitted as a paper for a relevant journal. A press release
will be produced for the results of the exercise, and the subsequent article
will be distributed to marine NGOs and agencies.



Cognition and Self-awareness in Cetaceans: A review of ethical implications
for conservation laws  Date: Sunday 8th December Morning Only


The ancient Greeks considered dolphins to have human thoughts and undertake
human deeds. As a result they were given legal rights equivalent to humans;
e.g., killing a dolphin was considered equivalent to killing a person. In
contrast, other regions have historically categorized cetaceans as "fish" in
terms of welfare and status. In the latter part of the 20th century, much of
the world began to think of cetaceans as special; consequently, laws for
their protection increased, climaxing in the 1970s. Despite these laws,
cetaceans are exposed, sometimes deliberately, to human activities that
could cause them stress and trauma, such as captures, exposure to intense
noise, and harassment by marine tourism. Recent studies have shown that
several species of animal (e.g. great apes and elephants) and bottlenose
dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) possess sophisticated linguistic capabilities
and appear to display levels of self-awareness, using mirror
self-recognition tests, equivalent to those of a 4-year-old human. What are
the legal implications of this human-level intelligence and awareness of
self? Laws and regulations protecting some of these SHILAS (Species of Human
Intelligence Level and Awareness of Self) have been enacted in some
jurisdictions. Most recently, US federal regulations regarding captive
research on chimpanzees mandated larger enclosures and increased social
interaction. But for cetaceans, there have been no reviews of legal
protections, or of the ethical implications of human activities, since
research has indicated unusual levels of cognition and awareness in species
such as the bottlenose dolphin. Under the US Marine Mammal Protection Act of
1972, whales and dolphins are given special protection, but it also allows
takes (killing, injuring and harassing) under certain circumstances,
including for public display. European law similarly prohibits killing,
injuring and harassing of cetaceans , although the Faeroe Islands and
Greenland have hunts of cetaceans using methods that have been criticized as
inhumane. European states also have regulations for holding cetaceans in
captivity. This day-long workshop will have brief presentations
highlighting: (i) the current state of knowledge of cetacean cognition; (ii)
definitions of ethical treatment and research; (iii) key conservation,
research and welfare laws and regulations; and (iv) a comparison with laws
for other SHILAs (4 x 20 minutes).There will then be a discussion of the
ethical implications of (a) capture and handling methods; (b) regulations
for captivity and other tourism activity, notably swim-with-cetacean tourism
and provisioning; and (c) invasive studies and experiments (3
hours).Audience: Those interested in cetacean welfare, ethical research ,
cetacean behavior, conservation and regulation/policy. The proposed product
of the workshop will be a series of discussion papers, with the ultimate aim
of producing a special issue of an appropriate journal.



Integrating Marine Mammal Conservation: Human Dimensions and the
Practitioner * Date: Sunday 8th December Afternoon Only


Marine mammal conservation is unique because many species are difficult to
study due to their pelagic nature, resulting in significant data gaps. All
marine mammals are protected in the US under the Marine Mammal Protection
Act, and some species have additional protection under the Endangered
Species Act. However, few species exist only in the US, so conservation
plans often must include international cooperation, including First Nations
tribes. Marine mammals also frequently interact with industry via
competition, by-catch, and critical habitat designation. Many marine mammal
species are consumed by subsistence users, and internationally through
commercial and scientific whaling exemptions to the IWC. Thus, marine mammal
conservation must take a multidisciplinary approach (oceanography, fisheries
biology), and integrate priorities of diverse stakeholders (policy makers,
industry, subsistence users). This workshop will present the summaries from
presentations at the 2013 ICCB symposium that brought together stakeholders
in fisheries, indigenous food security, biology, and policy to consider
challenges, solutions, and best practices for advancing an integrated
approach to marine mammal conservation. A significant outcome of the ICCB
symposium was the need for marine mammal biologists and practitioners to
understand the human dimensions and implications of their work for local
communities. This symposium will include key human dimensions training for
biologists and conservation practitioners. The final symposium in this
three-part series will occur at the Third International Marine Conservation
Congress in 2014.


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