[MARMAM] New paper on trophic relationships and mercury biomagnification in the Guiana dolphin food webs
tbisi at yahoo.com.br
Thu Jan 5 17:13:40 PST 2012
The following article has just been published online in Ecological Indicators:
Bisi, T.L., Lepoint, G., Azevedo, A.F., Dorneles, P.R., Flach, L., Das, K., Malm, O. and Lailson-Brito, J. 2012. Trophic relationships and mercury biomagnification in Brazilian tropical coastal food webs. Ecological Indicators, v. 18, pp. 291-302.
contact: tbisi at yahoo.com.br
The present study investigated trophic relationships and mercury flow through food webs of three tropical coastal ecosystems: Guanabara, Sepetiba and Ilha Grande bays. The investigation was carried out through carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes (δ13C, δ15N) and total mercury (THg) determination in muscle from 35 species, including crustacean, cephalopod, fish and dolphin species. Detritivorous species showed the lowest average δ15N values in all bays. These species were 13C enriched in Sepetiba and Ilha Grande bays, suggesting the presence of 13C enriched macroalgae in their diet. The highest mean δ15N values were found in fish and benthic invertebrate feeders, as well as in species presenting demerso-pelagic feeding habit. The carbon and nitrogen isotopic findings showed different trophic relationship in food webs from Sepetiba, Guanabara and Ilha Grande bays. Guanabara Bay showed to be depleted in δ15N compared to both Sepetiba and Ilha Grande bays. The latter finding suggests substantial contribution of atmospheric nitrogen fixation by cyanobacteria. A positive linear relationship was found between log THg concentrations and δ15N values for Guanabara and Ilha Grande bays, but not for Sepetiba Bay. Our findings showed trophic magnification factors (TMF) above 1, demonstrating that THg is being biomagnified up the food chains in Rio de Janeiro bays.
Keywords: Tropical ecosystems, Food web, Stable isotope, Heavy metal, Bioaccumulation, Guiana dolphin
The article is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.11.015
Tatiana Lemos Bisi – PhD
University of Rio de Janeiro State
Aquatic Mammals and Bioindicators Laboratory (MAQUA)
School of Oceanography
Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524 térreo bloco E
Rio de Janeiro – RJ, Brazil 20.550-013
Tel: (+55) 21 2334 0795
email: tbisi at yahoo.com.br
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