[MARMAM] new publication

Leslie Burdett Hart Leslie.Burdett at noaa.gov
Thu Jun 16 06:33:22 PDT 2011


We would like to inform you that the following article was recently 
published in /Diseases of Aquatic Organisms/.

*Lacaziosis and lacaziosis-like prevalence among wild, common bottlenose 
dolphins /Tursiops truncatus/ from the west coast of Florida, USA.*
Leslie Burdett Hart, Dave S. Rotstein, Randall S. Wells, Kim 
Bassos-Hull, Lori H. Schwacke

ABSTRACT: Lacaziosis (lobomycosis; /Lacazia loboi/) is a fungal skin 
disease that naturally occurs only in humans and dolphins. The first 
reported case of lacaziosis in a bottlenose dolphin /Tursiops truncatus/ 
occurred in 1970 in Sarasota Bay, Florida, USA, and subsequent photo-ID 
monitoring of the Sarasota Bay dolphin population has revealed 
persistence of the disease. The objectives of this study were to 
estimate lacaziosis prevalence (/P/) in 2 bottlenose dolphin populations 
on the west coast of Florida (Sarasota Bay and Charlotte Harbor) and 
compare disease occurrence to other published estimates of lacaziosis in 
dolphin populations across the globe. Historic photographic records of 
dolphins captured and released for health assessment purposes (Sarasota 
Bay) and photo-ID studies (Charlotte Harbor) were screened for evidence 
of lesions consistent with lacaziosis. Health assessment data revealed a 
prevalence of lacaziosis in the Sarasota Bay bottlenose dolphin 
population between 2 and 3%, and analyses of photo-ID data provided a 
lacaziosis-like prevalence estimate of 2% for Charlotte Harbor dolphins. 
With the exception of lacaziosis prevalence estimates for dolphins 
inhabiting the Indian River Lagoon (/P/ = 0.068; /P/ = 0.12), no 
statistically significant differences were seen among Sarasota Bay, 
Charlotte Harbor, and other published estimates. Although lacaziosis is 
a rare disease among these dolphin populations, studies that assess 
disease burden among different populations can assist with the 
surveillance of this zoonotic pathogen.

/Diseases of Aquatic Organisms/, Volume 95, Issue 1, Pgs. 49-56.

Abstract link: http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v95/n1/p49-56/

Please make requests to: Leslie.Burdett at noaa.gov

Leslie (Burdett) Hart, PhD

Jardon and Howard Technologies (JHT)
National Ocean Service
Hollings Marine Laboratory
331 Ft. Johnson Rd.
Charleston, SC 29412
Work:  843-725-4831
Fax: 843-762-8737

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