[MARMAM] New publication

Touhey Moore, Katie kmoore at ifaw.org
Fri Jan 29 07:47:22 PST 2010

Dear colleagues,

The authors would like to share the following recently published

Bogomolni AB, Pugliares KP, Sharp SM, Patchett K, Harry CT, LaRocque JM,
Touhey KM, Moore M (2010)
Mortality trends of stranded marine mammals on Cape Cod and southeastern
Massachusetts, USA, 2000 to 2006. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 88:

ABSTRACT: To understand the cause of death of 405 marine mammals
stranded on Cape Cod and southeastern Massachusetts between 2000 and
2006, a system for coding final diagnosis was developed and categorized
as (1) disease, (2) human interaction, (3) mass stranded with no
significant findings,(4) single-stranded with no significant findings,
(5) rock and/or sand ingestion, (6) predatory attack, (7) failure to
thrive or dependent calf or pup, or (8) other. The cause of death for 91
animals could not be determined. For the 314 animals that could be
assigned a cause of death, gross and histological pathology results and
ancillary testing indicated that disease was the leading cause of
mortality in the region, affecting 116/314 (37%) of cases. Human
interaction, including harassment, entanglement, and vessel collision,
fatally affected 31/314 (10%) of all animals. Human interaction
accounted for 13/29 (45%) of all determined gray seal Halichoerus grypus
mortalities. Mass strandings were most likely to occur in northeastern
Cape Cod Bay; 97/106 (92%) of mass stranded animals necropsied presented
with no significant pathological findings. Mass strandings were the
leading cause of death in 3 of the 4 small cetacean species: 46/67 (69%)
of Atlantic white-sided dolphin Lagenorhynchus acutus, 15/21 (71%) of
long-finned pilot whale Globicephala melas, and 33/54(61%) of
short-beaked common dolphin Delphinus delphis. These baseline data are
critical for understanding marine mammal population health and mortality
trends, which in turn have significant conservation and management
implications. They not only afford a better retrospective analysis of
strandings, but ultimately have application for improving current and
future response to live animal stranding.

Please note that the full article is available open access at the
following link: 
http://www.int-res.com/articles/dao_oa/d088p143.pdf (thus there is no
need to request a PDF or reprint).  The individual case data are also
available open access at:
Kind regards,
Katie Moore
Katie (Touhey) Moore
Marine Mammal Rescue & Research
International Fund for Animal Welfare
290 Summer Street
Yarmouth Port, MA 02675
508.744.2276 (office)
508-744-2099 (fax)
508.743-9548 (Emergency Stranding Hotline, 24 hrs.)
kmoore at ifaw.org
www.capecodstranding.net <http://www.capecodstranding.net/> 

The International Fund for Animal Welfare works to improve
the welfare of wild and domestic animals throughout the world
by reducing commercial exploitation of animals, protecting
wildlife habitats, and assisting animals in distress. IFAW
seeks to motivate the public to prevent cruelty to animals and
to promote animal welfare and conservation policies that
advance the well-being of both animals and people.

This transmission is intended only for use by the addressee
(s) named herein and may contain information that is
proprietary, confidential and/or legally privileged.

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