[MARMAM] RE: Contents - Special Issue - Aquatic Mammals, vol 31(3), 2005 (fwd)
marmamed at uvic.ca
Wed Nov 9 09:17:49 PST 2005
> Dear Marmam and ECS list subscribers,
> The most recent issue of _Aquatic Mammals_ is by Laurence Couquiaud
> "A survey of the environments of cetaceans in human care." The issue is
> available as a CD for $19 plus shipping. To place an order, contact Gina
> Colley (GR-Colley at wiu.edu).
> _Aquatic Mammals_ is the journal of the European Association for Aquatic
> Mammals. The following information about this special issue is posted as a
> favor to the journal editor - Dr. Jeanette Thomas. For information on
> subscription rates or manuscript submissions, please contact Dr. Thomas
> Department of Biological Sciences, Western Illinois University-Quad
> 3561 60th Street, Moline, Illinois 61265, USA; J-Thomas at wiu-edu; Tel:
> 309-762-9481, Ext 311; FAX: 309-762-6989.
> No abstracts were provided for the 8 chapters that make up the special
> issue. I've provided a brief summary of what the chapter covers. For any
> questions or comments about the contents of the issue, the reader can
> contact Laurence Couquiaud at: lcouquiaud at yahoo.com
> Thank you for your continued interest in the postings of the _Aquatic
> Mammals_ contents.
> Dagmar Fertl
> Marine Mammal Biologist
> Geo-Marine, Inc.
> 550 East 15th Street
> Plano, Texas 75074 USA
> dfertl at geo-marine.com
> I. Introduction. This section provides a bit of history behind captive
> display of cetaceans, and talks about the methodology behind the special
> issue. Specially, an extensive worldwide survey of existing cetacean
> facilities was prepared sent to various facilities. The project team
> 26 facilities.
> 2. Whales, dolphins, and porpoises: Presentation of the cetaceans. This
> chapter provided cetacean taxonomy and an overview of cetacean biology and
> behaviour, including anatomy, physiology, life history, the senses,
> cognition, social life and behaviour, and possible impact of controlled
> environment on behaviour. A Cetacean Species Information Table is also
> presented that provides information on all species that have been kept in
> captivity in the past or are presently displayed, as well as all species
> listed as vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered by the IUCN. It
> does not take account all species briefly kept for rehabilitation from
> strandings. At the time of publication, there were 18 species of
> kept in human care on a permanent basis.
> 3. Survey of international cetacean facilities. In 1996, the first survey
> international cetacean facilities was launched to assess the status of
> existing facilities worldwide and to gather information on controlled
> environments to serve as a base for this guidebook. A 30-page
> was designed to request detailed information on location, function of
> facility and staff, number of animals kept and species, architectural
> of pools and enclosures, life support systems, husbandry practices, diet,
> and food storage and preparation. The survey attempted to understand
> successful design features and husbandry practices, as well as recurrent
> problems. The survey was sent by post with a letter of support by cetacean
> scientist, Mrs. Karen Pryor, to 157 facilities in 41 countries (9
> were not included because of no available contact information). Forty-four
> questionnaires from 22 countries were received during the following year -
> early 1997. This chapter presents the survey results. Although the main
> of this survey was to receive information on the above-mentioned topics,
> statistical analysis gives a broader picture of cetacean facilities in
> of their similarities and differences, and it allows us to begin to
> understand the influence of geographical locations, culture, and types of
> environment on the creation of controlled environments for cetaceans. The
> survey resulted in the largest database to date on international cetacean
> facilities. In addition to the survey, the project team visited 26
> institutions in Europe, America, and Asia.
> 4. Types and functions of pools and enclosures. This chapter presents
> definitions of the various types of habitat in which cetaceans are housed,
> as well as the function of these various types of pools, and the terms
> to name them.
> 5. Architectural design of pools and enclosures. The aim of this chapter
> to present the suggestions given in the survey questionnaire with the goal
> of enhancing the quality of dolphin and whale environments in human care.
> The design of different types of pools and enclosures is discussed in
> 6. Life support systems. The aim of this chapter to give an overview of
> various water systems (e.g., open ocean, open systems, semi-closed and
> closed systems. Water parameters such as temperature, salinity, pH,
> alkalinity, turbidity and visibility, dissolved oxygen, ammonia, nitrite,
> and nitrate, as well as bacteria and algae are discussed. This is followed
> by a discussion of various water purification systems.
> 7. Food and fish house. This chapter discusses different food types fed,
> an emphasis is put on the quality of food selection and storage, as well
> the importance of hygiene in preparing and handling the food and in
> the animals.
> 8. Husbandry. The purpose of this chapter is to present a brief overview
> the various aspects of husbandry, the necessities of medical training, and
> the importance of implementing a veterinary programme to maintain the
> physical and psychological health of cetaceans in human care.
> Appendix. This is a list of cetacean facilities worldwide by country.
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