[ilds] Encyclopaedia Britannica 11th & 14th

James Gifford james.d.gifford at gmail.com
Fri Jan 28 15:42:39 PST 2011

Hi Bruce,

Alas, *I* don't have the 14th edition, just access to the 11th...

That said, a quick check in Google Books has Stephen Lukes remarking on 
Kropotkin's entry on Anarchism and Mutual Aid with a quotation that 
matches verbatim the 11th edition, but Lukes' citation is very clearly 
to the 1929-30 vol. 1 14th edition 9p. 873).  I think that solves the 
mystery.  Durrell's personal copy of the 14th edition would have carried 
at least a version of Kropotkin's 1905 entry for the 11th edition.  I 
admire Lukes' work, so I'll trust it until I can check a 14h edition 
copy in the stacks.

But, would that Zeno reference have stuck, if Durrell had even read it, 
more than 20 years later?  Dunno, but it does open a window of possibility.

Thanks for the help!  And sorry to bore the rest of y'all -- any takers 
on the /Revolt/ suggestions?


On 28/01/11 3:26 PM, Bruce Redwine wrote:
> James,
> Yes, the /EB/ 11th section on Kropotkin's essay on "Anarchism" is as you
> quote it, except for the capitalization of "Anarchist," "Utopia," and
> "Cosmos." Hopes this helps.
> Bruce
> On Jan 28, 2011, at 2:50 PM, James Gifford wrote:
>> Hi Bruce,
>> Peter Kropotkin wrote the "Anarchism" entry to the 11th edition in 1905
>> (Wilde even quotes Kropotkin, without reference, in "The Soul of Man
>> Under Socialism").
>> As I understand it, the 14th edition (which Durrell had on Corfu) was
>> largely a reversion to the 11th edition that added new entries and made
>> cuts to existing entries. If you have access, I'd appreciate it!! I
>> can get it online through my library, but it doesn't allow the
>> comparison between past editions.
>> I believe the DSC Library has the 14th edition on its shelves too.
>> Thanks!
>> James
>> On 28/01/11 2:38 PM, Bruce Redwine wrote:
>>> James,
>>> Tell me which entry in the 11th ed. of /EB,/ I'll check it for you.
>>> Bruce
>>> On Jan 28, 2011, at 1:21 PM, James Gifford wrote:
>>>> The Zeno prophecy first appears on pages 231-2, and this Zeno is a Greek
>>>> clerk who has visions (his vision is of the novel's ending and the
>>>> destruction of coercion and obligation). However, I can't help but take
>>>> the reference to Zeno (and can a Classicist on here correct me?!
>>>> Bruce?) as potentially a gesture to Kropotkin's entry in the
>>>> Encyclopaedia Britannics's 11th edition (same entry for Durrell's 14th
>>>> edition? I know the 14th was based on the 11th edition):
>>>> "The best exponent of anarchist philosophy in ancient Greece was Zeno
>>>> [...] who distinctly opposed his conception of a free community without
>>>> government to the state-utopia of Plato. He repudiated the omnipotence
>>>> of the state, its intervention and regimentation, and proclaimed the
>>>> sovereignty of the moral law of the individual -- remarking already
>>>> that, while the necessary instinct of self-preservation leads man to
>>>> egotism, nature has supplied a corrective to it by providing man with
>>>> another instinct -- that of sociability. When men are reasonable enough
>>>> to follow their natural instincts, they will unite across the frontiers
>>>> and constitute the cosmos. They will have no need of law-courts or
>>>> police, will have no temples and no public worship, and use no money --
>>>> free gifts taking the place of the exchanges."
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