[ilds] Encyclopaedia Britannica 11th & 14th

Bruce Redwine bredwine1968 at earthlink.net
Fri Jan 28 15:26:15 PST 2011


James,

Yes, the EB 11th section on Kropotkin's essay on "Anarchism" is as you quote it, except for the capitalization of "Anarchist," "Utopia," and "Cosmos."  Hopes this helps.


Bruce



On Jan 28, 2011, at 2:50 PM, James Gifford wrote:

> Hi Bruce,
> 
> Peter Kropotkin wrote the "Anarchism" entry to the 11th edition in 1905 
> (Wilde even quotes Kropotkin, without reference, in "The Soul of Man 
> Under Socialism").
> 
> As I understand it, the 14th edition (which Durrell had on Corfu) was 
> largely a reversion to the 11th edition that added new entries and made 
> cuts to existing entries.  If you have access, I'd appreciate it!!  I 
> can get it online through my library, but it doesn't allow the 
> comparison between past editions.
> 
> I believe the DSC Library has the 14th edition on its shelves too.
> 
> Thanks!
> James
> 
> On 28/01/11 2:38 PM, Bruce Redwine wrote:
>> James,
>> 
>> Tell me which entry in the 11th ed. of /EB,/ I'll check it for you.
>> 
>> 
>> Bruce
>> 
>> 
>> 
>> On Jan 28, 2011, at 1:21 PM, James Gifford wrote:
>>> 
>>> 
>>> The Zeno prophecy first appears on pages 231-2, and this Zeno is a Greek
>>> clerk who has visions (his vision is of the novel's ending and the
>>> destruction of coercion and obligation). However, I can't help but take
>>> the reference to Zeno (and can a Classicist on here correct me?!
>>> Bruce?) as potentially a gesture to Kropotkin's entry in the
>>> Encyclopaedia Britannics's 11th edition (same entry for Durrell's 14th
>>> edition? I know the 14th was based on the 11th edition):
>>> 
>>> "The best exponent of anarchist philosophy in ancient Greece was Zeno
>>> [...] who distinctly opposed his conception of a free community without
>>> government to the state-utopia of Plato. He repudiated the omnipotence
>>> of the state, its intervention and regimentation, and proclaimed the
>>> sovereignty of the moral law of the individual -- remarking already
>>> that, while the necessary instinct of self-preservation leads man to
>>> egotism, nature has supplied a corrective to it by providing man with
>>> another instinct -- that of sociability. When men are reasonable enough
>>> to follow their natural instincts, they will unite across the frontiers
>>> and constitute the cosmos. They will have no need of law-courts or
>>> police, will have no temples and no public worship, and use no money --
>>> free gifts taking the place of the exchanges."
>>> 
>> 
>> 
>> 

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