[ilds] sacring-bell (OED)

Charles Sligh Charles-Sligh at utc.edu
Thu Apr 29 17:06:57 PDT 2010

sacring-bell (OED, 2nd edition)

>  1. A small bell rung at the elevation of the host.
> 1395 E.E. Wills (1882) 5, I bequethe a chales and a pax~bred,..and a 
> sacrynge belle. 1449 Churchw. Acc. Yatton (Somerset Rec. Soc.) 90 For 
> a rop for the sacryng bell, iiiid. 1502 Acc. Ld. High Treas. Scot. 
> (1900) II. 343 Item, for tua small sacryne bellis, tane at ane cremar. 
> 1584 R. SCOT Discov. Witchcr. V. iii. (1886) 76 He heard a little 
> saccaring bell ring to the elevation of a morrowe masse. 1846 R. HART 
> Eccl. Rec. 225 The sacring bell, which was rung at the elevation of 
> the host. 1884 Sunday at Home Feb. 102/2 No latticed 
> confessional{em}no sacring bell.
>     ¶2. In post-Reformation times, sometimes applied to a small bell 
> rung to summon parishioners to morning prayers, or to mark the point 
> in the Communion Service at which the people should go up to communicate.
> 1598 DRAYTON Heroic Ep. III. 71 Who would not rise to ring the 
> Mornings Knell, When thy sweet Lips might be the sacring Bell? 1641 I. 
> H. Petit. agst. Pocklington 2 He hath caused a Bell to be hung up in 
> his Chancell, called a Sacring Bell, which the Clarke always rings at 
> the going up to second Service. 1766 ENTICK London IV. 75 A lantern, 
> which..incloses the sacring-bell, to call the parishioners to prayers.
sacring (OED, 2nd edition)

Also 3-6 sacringe, 4 sakryng, -ring, 4-6 sacryng(e, sakeryng(e, 5 
sacryn, sacreng, sakering(e, saycrying, sac(c)aring, Sc. sacryne. [f. 
SACRE v.1 + -ING1.]

    1. The consecration of the eucharistic elements in the service of 
the mass. Sometimes more fully, the sacring of (the) mass.
1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 6818 Ri{ygh}t atte sacringe he stod as be lowe In 
{th}e churche at westmunstre. 13.. Coer de L. 222 And whene the belle 
began to ryng The preest scholde make the sakeryng, Out of the kyrke 
sche wolde away. c1375 Lay Folks Mass Bk. (MS. B) 400 {Th}en tyme is 
nere of sakring, A litel belle men oyse to ryng. c1380 WYCLIF Serm. Sel. 
Wks. I. 137 Bitwene {th}e sacringe of {th}e masse and {th}e {th}ridde 
Agnus Dei. c1451 AGNES PASTON in P. Lett. I. 217 And on Friday after 
sakeryng, one come fro cherch warde, and schoffe doune all that was 
thereon. 1482 CAXTON Trevisa's Hidgen IV. xxxii. 222b, The grayel and 
the offretory sholde be sayde to fore the sacrynge [MSS. sacrement; L. 
sacrificium]. 1550 CRANMER Defence 101 What made the people to 
runne..from altar to altar, and from sakeryng (as they called it) to 
sakeryng? a1571 JEWEL On Thess. iii. 5-10 (1594) 90 It is a small matter 
to looke vp and holde vp thy handes at the sacring. 1584 R. SCOT Discov. 
Witchcr. XV. xxvii. (1886) 376 Words..written in the canon, or rather in 
the saccaring of masse. 1626 Scogin's Jests (? 1680) 12 By and by the 
Bells were tolled for sacring, and Scogin hied him to Church lustily and 
merry. 1871 ROSSETTI Poems, tr. Villon's Mother's Service to our Lady 
ii, Oh help me, lest in vain for me should pass..The blessed Host and 
sacring of the Mass.

    {dag}b. concr. Used for: The consecrated elements.
c1290 S. Eng. Leg. I. 358/105 Muche folk {th}are was in Rome {th}at in 
guode bi-leue nere Ne bi-lieueden nou{ygh}t {th}at {th}e sacringe ore 
louerdes licame were. 1448 M. PASTON in P. Lett. I. 72 [The Parson of 
Oxened] being at messe in one Parossh Chirche, evyn at levacion of the 

    2. The ordination and consecration of persons to certain offices, as 
those of bishop, king, queen, etc.
1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 2318 Ac him sulf him crounede & made him king so 
His sacringe was lute wor{th} & na{th}eles it was ydo. c1380 WYCLIF Wks. 
(1880) 393 {Th}e clerkis han many grete & smale perquisitiuys,..as..for 
halowynge of chapels..& for sacrynge of ordres, & fulle many mo. c1450 
Merlin vi. 105 We wolde that his sacringe and coronacion be respite to 
Penticoste. 1496 Dives & Paup. (W. de W.) VII. xviii. 305/1 Yf the 
offycer of ye bysshop axe of custome ony gyft..in sacrynge of 
bysshopes..yf they yt sholde be..sacred gyue theym suche gyftes..is it 
symonye. 1672 TEMPLE Ess., Govt. Wks. 1731 I. 98 The Sacring of the 
Kings of France (as Loysel says) is the Sign of their Soveraign 
Priest~hood, as well as Kingdom. 1814 SOUTHEY Roderick XVIII. 107 For 
acclamation and for sacring now One form must serve. 1902 Q. Rev. July 
356 The fullest development of the service for the sacring of the French 
Kings is contained in the Coronation Book of Charles V.

    {dag}3. gen. The action of consecrating. Obs.
1610 W. FOLKINGHAM Art of Survey Ep. Ded. 2, I will screw-vp this Key 
with the prostrate sacring of my selfe..at the Shrine of your gracious 
Clemencie. 1613 PURCHAS Pilgrimage II. viii. 136 Elias Leuita describeth 
the forme of sacring or hallowing their Teraphim in this sort.

    4. Comb. as sacring time, SACRING-BELL.
1482 CAXTON Trevisa's Higden VIII. xix. 414 The lyeutenaunt..forth with 
commanded that euery man shold kepe his wepen in his hond sacryng tyme 
and other. 1577-87 HOLINSHED Chron. III. 946/2 Those that..held not vp 
their hands at the sacring time. 1594 T. BEDINGFIELD tr. Machiavelli's 
Florentine Hist. (1595) 198 The time of the execution should be at the 
sacring time of Masse.

A dictionary of archaic and provincial words (1850)
> SAUNCE-BELL. A sacring-bell. See Sacriny.
> Now what Is love I will the tell.
> It la the fountaineand the well.
> Where pleasure and repentance dwell;
> It is perhaps, the sancing-bell,
> That rings all into heaven or hell.
> And this Is love, as I heare tell.
> Heytpood's Rapt ofLucrccc, I. 3

Charles L. Sligh
Assistant Professor
Department of English
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
charles-sligh at utc.edu

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